BeautyWhy use a serum with Vitamin C?

Why use a serum with Vitamin C?

You may not think much about your skincare routine. Or that you simply don’t even have one. But the reality is that, as most beauty experts think -and recommend-, we should all have one. The skin becomes one of the largest organs of our body, and every day it carries out important functions in order to protect us against the harmful action of different harmful external elements.

Therefore, taking care of the skin and developing a skin care routine that is as suitable as possible is, to say the least, essential, since it helps this important organ to do its job better, and above all, for a longer time. And why is it essential to maintain a beauty routine in which specially conceived beauty products are used, designed both for our own skin type and to treat the different problems and disorders that may have arisen in it?

We must bear in mind that our skin sheds every day. Thus, we can think that, today, our skin is perfectly healthy and healthy. But the truth is that the healthy skin we have today will end up falling off tomorrow. This means that if we don’t take care of it every day, it could turn into dull, dull, dull-looking skin… and less than perfect. In addition, each skin type is different, which also means that some skin types (such as normal skin) do not need a beauty routine per se. However, oily, combination or dry skin does need it. So everything will depend on how our skin is.

In addition, we cannot forget something essential: prevention becomes the best tool when it comes to preventing some potential problems from arising. And, if they appear, it will be much easier to solve them. In fact, as many experts believe, taking a few minutes each day to get involved in a skin care routine is usually cheaper and takes less time than having to go to the dermatologist’s office in order to address those skin problems that have arisen as a result of not having maintained an adequate daily routine.

It is also essential to keep in mind that the steps that are followed, as well as the products that we use, are equally important. And, particularly, the order that we follow in the application and integration of these products in our routine and, subsequently, in our skin.  In the case of serums, for example, it is useless to apply them if we have not properly cleaned the skin beforehand.

What exactly is a vitamin C serum or facial serum?

When we think of the nightly skincare routine, there is no doubt that facial serums are going to become one of the main elements. We could put a three-course meal as a simile: after having carried out the deep cleansing of the skin of the face (appetizer), and before applying our favorite nourishing moisturizer (dessert), it is necessary to apply the serum or serum (which fills us with all the important nutrients, and could become the main dish, so to speak). In fact, like the main course, serums can contain a wide variety of nutrients that are extremely beneficial for the skin.

But if you haven’t used one before, you may have some questions about what a facial serum is and why we should use it. Basically, facial serums are products designed for skin care, specially designed to provide high concentrations of ingredients and active agents, specific for the skin. For this reason, today it is possible to find us in stores with different types of serums.

Regarding their consistency and texture, in most cases they tend to have a transparent appearance, and a consistency in the form of a liquid or gel. Basically we must know that they tend to have a lower thickness, especially if we compare them with moisturizers. In fact, as we will see in the section especially dedicated to it (in which we will discover what are the steps to follow to apply our serum, and at what point in the beauty routine we should do it), it is ideal to always apply them before moisturizers, in order to help them better retain moisture.

What’s more, did you know that a serum can often be able to hydrate more effectively than the best of creams with a heavier texture? This is because the molecules present in the serum can actually penetrate the skin, moisturizing it much deeper, whereas creams with a much slightly heavier consistency tend to sit on the top layers. Of course, we cannot be confused: moisturizing facial serums do not replace moisturizer, but they may be able to penetrate better, and increase its moisturizing effects.

What benefits does it offer?

If there is one facial serum that has gained in popularity in recent years, it is almost without a doubt the vitamin C serum. As its name suggests, it is a product essentially designed for skin care, which is characterized by being full of vitamin C, a vitamin with a well-known antioxidant action, which means that it acts to protect the skin by helping to prevent the formation of free radicals, which are capable of breaking down collagen and elastin (essential for maintaining the structure of the skin, and for keeping it elastic), flexible and smooth), and that in the long run can end up greatly influencing the appearance of premature aging. Or, what is the same, they can be the main culprits in the formation of the first wrinkles, especially earlier than usual.

As with most facial serums, in the case of vitamin C serum they have the consistency of a gel or liquid, and to enjoy its different qualities and benefits it is necessary to apply it topically on the skin.

Although it is true that it is possible to obtain vitamin C through food, opting, for example, for foods with a higher content of this vitamin, as is the case with fruits such as oranges, lemons, kiwis, strawberries, melons and pineapples, or vegetables Like Brussels sprouts and broccoli, we can’t forget that it is also naturally present on the skin. In fact, it helps promote optimal or adequate levels of collagen and antioxidants, and also protects the skin against the action of ultraviolet rays, which often cause photodamage.

Although providing our skin with vitamin C through diet is essential, it is not enough. Why? Very simple: the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin, does not have blood vessels to send nutrients to the skin cells, so it is best to apply vitamin C directly topically. And it is here, precisely, where we find the wonderful benefits and qualities that serums with a high content of vitamin C provide us. But, what are these properties?

Helps protect the skin

Vitamin C is well known for its natural ability to neutralize the action of free radicals, so it can help a lot by improving skin aging, and even preventing premature aging usually caused by the action of these atoms.

It also protects against sun damage, since sun damage is caused by free radicals. But to understand why they are so negative, we need to consider how they work: Since free radicals are atoms that are missing an electron, they seek out other atoms from which they can “steal” that missing electron, which can end up causing significant damage to the skin.

Since vitamin C is tremendously rich in natural antioxidants, it protects skin cells by “providing” these free radicals with an electron, rendering them harmless. So to speak, free radicals lose the ability to damage the skin. Also thanks to this quality, it acts by accelerating cell turnover, which will help replace cells damaged by the sun or by free radicals, with new and much healthier ones. For this reason, it can also help soothe sunburn.

Promotes the formation of collagen and elastin

Vitamin C has been shown to be able to enhance the synthesis of both collagen and elastin. Collagen is essential in keeping skin as firm and smooth as possible, while elastin helps skin remain as elastic as possible, maintaining its firmness when stretched and then springing back into place (which is why it’s ideal to prevent flaccidity). However, after the age of 25, collagen production begins to slow down by around 1 percent each year. And, when its levels begin to drop, the skin can begin to sag.

Research has shown that applying vitamin C topically is capable of increasing collagen production, as a study published in September 2015 showed and evidenced. In fact, the participants in this study noticed the effects after continuing for 40 days with the treatment; although they observed a greater benefit after 60 days.

Another study published in August 2017 investigated the roles of vitamin C in skin health, finding that applying a vitamin C serum could increase collagen production. Which would translate into what, in addition to boosting its production, prevents sagging of the skin, by providing a smoother and firmer effect.

Acts as a good moisturizer

You may be surprised to discover that a serum with vitamin C can be capable of deeply moisturizing the skin, perhaps because until now you were unaware that this vitamin has a moisturizing effect on the skin. But the truth is that, in addition to protecting her, it is also like that.

This is due to the presence of one of the main derivatives of vitamin C, which is also commonly used in skin care: magnesium ascorbic phosphate, a water-soluble derivative that is characterized by being more stable in water, which does not it occurs itself with vitamin C itself, which is unstable.

This derivative works by reducing transepidermal water loss, thus allowing the skin to better retain moisture. In short, it provides a very interesting moisturizing effect.

It is capable of brightening the skin and reducing hyperpigmentation

Do you have any problems related to hyperpigmentation? No problem, the serum with vitamin C could be very helpful. Regardless of whether they are sun spots, melasma (spots that usually form as a result of hormonal changes, as occurs for example in pregnancy), or age spots, which form when an excess of melanin is produced in certain areas or parts of the skin.

In fact, a study showed that the application of vitamin C is capable of preventing the production of melanin, which could help in enjoying a much more even skin tone by fading dark spots. In short, it would be useful for skin lightening.

This was shown by another study published in January 2013, in which the participants of the study observed a 73 percent improvement in skin pigmentation after the application of vitamin C to facial skin.

Thanks to this quality, the skin of the face can appear more illuminated, since it tends to smooth the surface of the skin, reducing opacity. The result is more than evident: the skin will have a brighter and more youthful appearance.

It can help against dark circles

You may know that the area around the eyes is characterized by being extremely sensitive and delicate. In fact, it is in this area where the first lines of expression usually form, and also the first wrinkles, even at a very early age.

Serum with vitamin C can become an interesting ally when it comes to helping to reduce the discoloration usually caused by under-eye circles, thanks to the fact that it smoothes fine lines and wrinkles by hydrating and filling this area. This quality is mainly due to one of the effects that we have already mentioned before: its ability to improve the synthesis of collagen and elastin, since it can improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Helps reduce skin redness

Do you have any inflammatory skin conditions? If so, you might also find an ally in this serum. As a study published in July 2015 showed, vitamin C is anti-inflammatory, positively helping to reduce inflammation.

In addition, it acts by minimizing the redness of the skin, so it can help a lot when it comes to enjoying a complexion with a much more uniform tone and texture.

Suitable for most skin types

In general, vitamin C has a wonderful safety profile, which means that most people can use vitamin C topically, and for a long period of time, without experiencing any type of adverse reaction.

Of course, in the case of facial serum with vitamin C, the same would not happen, since the active ingredient present in this type of product tends to be more concentrated, so it could occasionally cause irritation and dryness in those people who have skin sensitive. Although it is true that it is a rare reaction, which in most cases only occurs in people with hypersensitive skin. However, if it does occur, the irritation is usually quite mild, which could be avoided or prevented by applying a heavier moisturizer and in greater quantity with the serum.

When to use a vitamin C serum on the skin?

According to a study published by the specialized journal Nutrients, since vitamin C is able to help in cases of problems related to hyperpigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles, sunburn, photoaging, dryness, sagging, and a darker skin tone. uneven, it is true that if we have any of these skin problems we could consider adding a serum with these characteristics to our routine.

But most experts agree that the most appropriate thing is always to start integrating it and add it even when these problems have not yet appeared. In fact, while it is true that vitamin C acts as an ingredient with interesting anti-aging qualities, there is no doubt that the best time to prevent aging is precisely before it appears.

Virtually people of all ages are at risk of some form of sun damage, especially during the summer months, so vitamin C serums are always recommended. As we have seen, thanks to this serum we manage to minimize the amount of sun damage that our skin would be receiving as a result of the action of sunlight. And the facial serum with vitamin C would serve as a good preventive, helping the most problematic areas to recover better, and more efficiently.

By protecting us not only against sun damage, but also by acting as a preventive against the main signs of aging -such as wrinkles-, we cannot forget that it promotes collagen synthesis by increasing its natural formation.

At what point should we integrate our serum with vitamin C into the skin care routine?

As we have already explained to you on several occasions, the steps that are followed in the skin care routine, as well as the order in which we use the products intended to care for, hydrate, nourish and protect our skin, is very important. And it is that if we make a mistake, such as applying the toner before having thoroughly cleaned the skin or without having completely removed the makeup, it could end up ruining the rest of the beauty routine, preventing the other products from providing the skin with the qualities and benefits they would originally offer if we had done it right.

Although the ideal is always to integrate our facial serum into the night skin care routine, whose steps we will talk about next, since this serum has some interesting benefits specifically related to sun exposure, it could also be very useful to apply it at night, morning as a first layer of protection, immediately followed by moisturizer and finally sunscreen.

Of course, remember that although vitamin C applied topically generally tends to be well tolerated, it is necessary to always keep in mind that any product that we apply to the skin has the potential to cause some side effects. So if it is the first time that we are going to use it, it is advisable to carry out a patch test, which will be extremely useful when evaluating the risk of some type of allergic reaction.

To do this test, you just have to select an area of ​​​​the skin that is easier to hide (the forearm usually becomes the best option in most cases). Then apply a small amount of the serum, and wait around 24 hours. Over time, observe the area. If no allergic reaction has occurred, you can calmly apply the vitamin C facial serum to your facial skin. However, if redness, rash, or hives have developed, it is best to discontinue and avoid use.

Morning skincare routine

As we have seen, some beauty experts advise applying a little vitamin C serum in the morning, integrating it into your skincare routine first thing in the morning. Although it is true that the beauty routine you follow in the morning is probably characterized by being lighter or simpler when compared to the nightly routine, it is also essential to follow a series of basic steps to do it correctly.

Thus, the ideal is to apply a gentle cleanser first, with which you will be able to remove any rest of the products that you have applied in your night skin care routine, and that have acted throughout the night. This is the case, for example, of creams with retinoic acid, which are recommended to be used only at night, and which, left on the skin during the day, could cause some sensitivity as a result of the action of ultraviolet rays.

Although the truth is that if you do not want to use a cleanser in the morning it is not entirely necessary either: it will be enough to use a little warm water, rinsing your skin.  After the cleanser, or after you have rinsed your face and dried, it is time for our serum. Just a few drops, applying it gently all over the face. Then, once absorbed, follow up with your moisturizer and, if you’re going outside, a broad-spectrum sunscreen.

Night skincare routine

After an exhausting day, the truth is that our skin can also be slightly tired and fatigued, since it has also “withstood” the aggressions of the outside and environmental pollution. In addition, it is common that you have applied some type of makeup, and that in turn new dead cells have begun to accumulate (although it is true that they are not visible, they are there).

In the case of makeup, remember that it is essential to remove it properly, leaving no residue. And it is that, if you do not do it correctly, you will end up ruining your night beauty routine and will not allow the skin to enjoy all the benefits provided by the products that you are going to apply. On the contrary, it is as if they are absolutely useless, because they will end up losing effectiveness. What’s more, maintaining this habit over time can put you at higher risk of acne breakouts, irritation, and redness in the long run.

An excellent option is to integrate the serum with vitamin C immediately after having thoroughly cleaned your skin (for example, using a cleanser for this purpose, such as micellar water if you have not used any type of cosmetic product), apply a toner to tone your face, and then follow with the serum. But the routine does not end here: now it is your turn to hydrate the skin, using your favorite moisturizer or moisturizer for it. And, finally, after the moisturizer, it is the turn of any other product that you use to treat a problem or condition.

In any case, although everything will depend on the instructions you find on the product label, in general, vitamin C serum should be applied once or twice a day. On the other hand, even though it can be used safely with other ingredients and active principles, it is known that using it together with niacinamide could cause the serum to lose its effectiveness.

Once applied, remember to store the bottle or container in a cool, dark place, away from extreme heat. How we store our serum is also essential. It is also important to pay attention to the expiration date, and always check it before using the product. Since vitamin C can oxidize over time, it is best to avoid this if you notice that the serum has changed color or darkened. Be that as it may, in most cases it is advisable not to use the serum six months after it has been opened.

Possible Side Effects of Vitamin C Serum

As we have seen, vitamin C is a one hundred percent safe ingredient, which is also characterized by having a high level of tolerance. Moreover, most of the studies and investigations mentioned earlier throughout this note reported that the individuals participating in them did not present any type of irritation, or negative reactions.

However, the only exception is found in those with sensitive skin. For example, the study in 2015 found that about 6 percent of research participants did experience itching, which the researchers say is due to the acidity of vitamin C.

For this reason, those who have very sensitive or hypersensitive skin should always consult their trusted dermatologist before using vitamin C serum and any other powerful form of vitamin C, since there is a greater risk that it can irritate the skin. sensitive skin.

Another side effect has also been found, although it is especially characterized by being less frequent: the skin could appear yellowish or red, and it could also be dry or itchy.  Also, it is not advisable to apply the facial serum around the eyes.

In short, whenever we are going to try our facial serum for the first time, as it happens with the rest of the products used for skin care, it is essential to carry out the patch test, especially before a more complete application. This is the only optimal way to determine how the skin will react to the serum, and will help avoid further and unnecessary problems.

However, if you have sensitive skin, in addition to consulting your dermatologist first, experts advise avoiding serums containing L-ascorbic acid (because it is more powerful and has a greater ability to cause irritation), and use only those that contain magnesium ascorbyl phosphate.

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