What are the causes of kidney stones, and why do kidney stones form? Discover the main risk factors that influence its appearance.
The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that are responsible for the detoxification and purification of our body, just like the liver. However, in the particular case of the kidneys, they are one of the main filters of our blood, since, among other fundamental aspects, they purify it by retaining what our body can take advantage of and eliminate through urine what it does not really need.
But, among the disorders or problems that most tend to affect the kidneys, we find the appearance of stones or stones, which consist of pieces of solid material that form inside these organs from different substances that we find in the urine, the most common being calcium stones, as calcium retention in the kidneys is much more common. That is, they are solid pieces of material that form in the kidney due to substances present in the urine.
The truth is that a good way to prevent the appearance of kidney stones is to discover what their causes are, since only in this way can we follow a series of basic guidelines and tips that will be very useful when it comes to preventing these appear.
What are the causes by which stones or calculi are formed in the kidney?
Kidney stones are the result of both the formation and the agglomeration of crystals in the urine, which is very saturated as a result of the abnormally high concentration of salts, and due to the imbalance between the factors that favor and inhibit the concentration of urine products.
They are fundamentally caused by high levels of calcium, phosphorus and oxalate in the urine, although we must bear in mind that their causes depend directly on the type of stone that has been formed:
- Calcium calculations: it is the most common. They are produced when part of the calcium not used by the bones and muscles, and that goes to the kidneys, is not eliminated through the urine and accumulates over time.
- Uric acid stones: These types of stones form when there is too much uric acid in the urine. They arise mainly as a result of following a diet very rich in protein, or after having received chemotherapy treatment.
- Striate stones: tend to be more common in women and are generally composed of ammonia. They are formed especially after the existence of a chronic urinary tract infection.
- Cysteine stones: These tend not to be as common, as they are usually caused by an inherited disease known as cystinuria.
The main risk factors to take into account
Starting from the basis that we already know why kidney stones or stones are formed, and above all what their main causes are, it is very important to discover the risk factors or what certain habits can influence their appearance:
- Age: between 20 and 70 years old.
- Sex: men are more predisposed to kidney stones.
- Certain dietary and nutritional habits: such as following a diet high in protein and sodium, and also low in fiber.
- Heredity: especially having a family history of kidney stones.
- Not drinking enough fluids.
- Consumption of certain medications.