What are the causes of corns or calluses appearing on the feet and hands? We reveal why they arise to avoid continuing to make the same mistakes.
They undoubtedly become one of the most common skin problems of both the feet and the hands. In fact, they are one of the most frequent conditions, especially in our feet. They are corns or calluses, which basically consist of thickened layers of skin or thick layers of hardened skin whose function, believe it or not, is to protect the area where it appears.
We can take as an example the hands of a farmer or a carpenter: calluses usually appear on their hands as a result of their work, and it is the way that our skin has to prevent the development of much more painful blisters.
They must be differentiated from nails, which are lumps of skin that have a central core (like a kind of point that is embedded in the skin). The nails are made up of hardened keratin, so when we dress them they tend to be very painful. This symptom is not characteristic of calluses, which, being an accumulation of dead skin, do not tend to cause practically any problem.
They usually appear on the top or side of the foot, although they can also appear on the heels or other areas of the sole of the foot. In these cases we must differentiate them from two other equally common disorders or conditions: cracks in the skin and what is known as a heel spur.
For everything indicated up to now, we can establish a series of clear symptoms: in most cases the skin is thick, very hardened, which can be dry and also scaly. In addition, depending on the severity of the callus in question, it is equally possible for pain to arise or for the skin to bleed.
The main causes for which corns or calluses appear
We must take into account that corns and calluses are caused by continuous pressure or friction on the skin, so the main cause that causes their appearance is found above all in the use of inadequate footwear, which causes the foot to not have enough freedom, or that causes too much pressure in certain areas, causing a lot of rubbing or friction.
For example, the appearance of calluses is common when tight, pointed or very high shoes are habitually used, and before the use of footwear that does not fit well to the foot. Hence they tend to appear on the top or side of the toe.
To prevent them from appearing or to reduce their formation, it is often enough to prevent friction or excessive friction. And this is achieved by using footwear that fits well to the foot, and even protecting the skin with patches specially developed for callus.
Luckily, calluses are by no means a serious condition or condition, and it is possible to remove calluses naturally and easily.