We are on the verge of a new vaccination campaign. And it is that, every year, between the months of October and November, the so-called influenza vaccination campaign begins, which consists of administering the flu vaccine to certain groups considered to be at “risk”, who are at risk of suffering complications. In case of suffering from the flu, and especially by people who are in contact with these high-risk groups.
Thus, for example, vaccination is recommended for people over or equal to 65 years of age, people under 5 years of age who have a high risk of complications derived from the flu and those who can transmit it to other people who have a high risk of presenting complications.
But we must bear in mind that the virus that causes this respiratory infection is capable of undergoing variations in its surface antigens, which imply the appearance of new viruses. For this reason, the vaccine must be updated each new season, and administered annually.
What is the flu?
As you surely know, influenza is an acute infectious disease that affects the respiratory tract as a result of infection with a virus belonging to the Orthomyxoviridae family, of which there are a total of three influenza viruses: A, B and C.
The most important are type A and B viruses. While the first is the main cause of the different influenza epidemics that occur each year, type B influenza virus generally occurs in much more localized outbreaks. The type C virus does not cause epidemics; it only causes infections with mild clinical pictures or even without symptoms.
It is considered an important health problem, derived above all from the mortality that it tends to cause both directly and indirectly, and the complications it tends to cause.
What are your symptoms?
Although at first it is common to confuse the flu with a cold, we must bear in mind that flu symptoms tend to be more severe than those caused by catarrhal viruses. In fact, just a few hours after infection, our respiratory tract will be congested and inflamed.
It is common for sudden fever, malaise and chills, which are accompanied by headache, sore throat, muscle pain, dry cough, nasal congestion, loss of appetite and general malaise.
Fever, muscle aches, and malaise usually last 3 to 5 days, while congestion and a feeling of fatigue (or lack of energy) can last up to 2 weeks.
Natural Tips to Treat and Cure Flu Symptoms
The ginger is a natural food with wonderful analgesic and antipyretic properties, making it an excellent option in case of flu, because it helps soothe the discomfort and muscle aches, and is also useful for reducing fever.
The preparation of a ginger infusion is actually very simple. You just have to split a little ginger, peel it and mince it well. Put water in a saucepan and when it starts to boil add the finely chopped ginger, cover and boil for 3 minutes. After this time, turn off the heat, cover and let it rest for 5 more minutes. Strain and drink.
If you add honey and lemon it will become an ideal drink also for a sore throat.
The eucalyptus is a wonderful herb, known for its expectorant properties. That is, in an interesting option in case of flu and colds with nasal congestion and throat irritation, since while it helps to open the airways and unclog our nose, it also relieves irritation.
To prepare the steam, you just have to put water in a saucepan and let it boil. Then put eucalyptus leaves and let the water boil for 5 minutes. Then, being careful not to burn yourself put a plate on a table and the saucepan on top. Put a towel on your head and try to catch all the steam, breathing it in. Of course, be careful after not catching cold.
Garlic Honey Lemon Tea
It is quite possible that you already know that garlic is a powerful food, with incredible antiseptic qualities thanks to the presence of illicit, a substance that makes it an incredibly useful option for fighting cold and flu symptom
Although the ideal would be to consume it raw by chewing it, it is possible that this option falls badly on your stomach or that its strong flavor simply does not support it. In that case you just have to make a tea.
How? Very simple: chop a garlic clove very well, put the equivalent of a cup of water in a saucepan and when it boils add the minced garlic clove. Let it boil for 5 minutes. Strain and add a little freshly squeezed lemon juice and honey.
Other tips to keep in mind
In addition to the 3 natural tips that we have indicated, there are others that are especially useful and fundamental that will be of great help. They are as follows:
- Rest and try to get as much rest as possible.
- Drink plenty of fluids, especially water and natural fruit juices.
- Also opt for infusions and teas, soups and broths.
- Avoid antibiotics unless prescribed by your doctor. Remember that the flu is caused by a virus, not bacteria.
- Avoid self-medicating; only taking medications such as paracetamol if necessary (for example, to reduce fever or relieve muscle discomfort).