Health and MedicineDiseasesWhat is mycosis: causes, symptoms and treatment?

What is mycosis: causes, symptoms and treatment?

Mycosis is the disease caused by fungi (fungal or mystic diseases). We reveal its symptoms, what causes it and the most appropriate medical treatments.

Mycosis basically consists of different or different diseases caused by microscopic fungi, which tend to multiply on the surface of the skin (superficial mycosis), or do so in the organs themselves. When this disease first appears, relapses are common, while medical treatment tends to be quite long.

That is, we are faced with diseases caused by fungi. They are also known by the names of mystic infections or fungal infections, and are characterized by being frequent and contagious diseases, but which can be cured by administering adequate medical treatment.

Surely you know that, in human beings, we can find some fungi that live normally in our body. Some are present in our mouths, on the skin, in the intestine or in the vagina of women, and in most cases they are actually harmless. However, when they multiply considerably is when they do become a problem, giving rise to alterations. At this time is when we are faced with a mycosis.

Among the most common mycoses, cutaneous mycoses stand out, which are those that appear on the skin as a result of the multiplication of the different fungi that are normally found on it? They are usually benign infections.

What are the causes of mycosis?

The original cause is obviously the multiplication of certain fungi that are normally found in some parts of our body. But why does this multiplication or infection occur?

These infections arise when the fungi attack the outer layer of the skin, either of the body or the scalp, or also certain organs and parts of the body, such as the case of the vagina in women.

For example, for some fungal infections to occur, it is necessary to have moist skin, usually warm and dirty. For this reason, skin mycoses are common on the sole of the foot when we walk barefoot on the locker room floor or in showers in swimming pools and gyms, especially when shared with other people.

For this reason, the appearance of what is known as athlete’s foot is also common, a very common infection in athletes and adolescents as a result of having extremely wet and dirty feet.

It is common for yeast infections to be more frequent in people with some type of immune system deficiency, which is medically known as immunodeficiency.

Symptoms of mycosis

It is evident that, depending on the place or area of ​​the body where the fungal infection occurs, its symptoms will be different, since the signs that appear before a fungal infection in the vagina will not be the same as one that arises on the skin. For example, if the infection occurs in the vagina, it is medically known as vaginal mycosis, caused in turn by the proliferation of a fungus called Candida albinos.

Symptoms of vaginal mycosis

  • Itching, irritation or burning in the vagina.
  • Inflammation of the vulva with intense red color.
  • Pain that is felt especially when urinating and having sexual intercourse.
  • White and slimy discharge, accompanied by abnormal vaginal discharge.

Symptoms of Oral Thrush or Thrush

Mostly whitish plaques form on the tongue and inside of the cheeks. It also tends to be accompanied by bad breath.

Symptoms of skin mycosis

It usually especially affects the different folds of the body because they are areas where there is excess moisture and sweat, such as the groin, armpits, navel and the space between the fingers and toes.

Usually the lesion begins with redness, suppuration and finally an annoying irritation.

Athlete’s foot symptoms

It especially affects the spaces between the toes and is very common among athletes, adolescents and sea workers. Redness and blisters appear in the folds, which later turn into fissures.

What is the medical treatment for mycosis?

Before medical treatment it is necessary to establish an adequate diagnosis. To do this, a microscope analysis of the secretion of the lesion or a sample of the affected skin is performed.

Once the mystic or fungal infection is confirmed, it is common to administer antifungal drugs, either local or general, which will depend on the lesion and its location.

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