Health and MedicineDiseasesWhat are the most common sleep disorders?

What are the most common sleep disorders?

Sleep disorders, or sleeping illnesses, are conditions that affect many people every night.  We discover which are the most common and usual.

It is not the first time that we talk about sleep, more specifically about the importance of sleeping well and also doing it long enough for our health and our body. And it is that already in recent years we have known numerous scientific studies that pursued the objective of analyzing the role that sleep has on our health, and more specifically on the restoration and strengthening of the different neuronal circuits. In the case of children, for example, the quality and time of sleep is even more important, since it helps to strengthen the connections between the right and left hemispheres of the brain, improving learning and consolidating or consolidating new or old concepts. Memories.

But as we previously knew about the effects of sleeping a few hours a day, resting less than 6 hours a day directly influences our body and our health, increasing the risk of suffering from diseases such as Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s, high blood pressure or stroke. At the same time that intellectual capacity and performance are affected, we gain weight and the brain is not able to perform its necessary basic functions, creating plaques that can then lead to the onset of dementia and other related diseases.

What is a sleep disorder?

Sleep disorders, also known as sleep disorders or sleep illnesses, consist of a wide group of disorders that affect the normal and habitual development of the sleep-wake cycle, and can become so serious that they interfere with mental, emotional and physique of the person.

These types of disorders can affect the course of sleep directly, or do so secondarily. In fact, they affect the possibility of falling asleep or staying asleep, as well as falling asleep at inappropriate times, sleeping for too many hours or maintaining abnormal behaviors during sleep.

Did you know that there are more than 100 different sleep and wake disorders?  These can be grouped into four main categories, which are divided into the following:

  • Insomnia: Trouble falling asleep and staying asleep.
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness: Trouble staying awake.
  • Problem with sleep rhythms: especially problems with maintaining a regular sleep schedule.
  • Sleep-disrupting behaviors: Maintenance of unusual behaviors during sleep.

The most common sleep disorders

Despite the fact that there are more than 100 sleep disorders, there are some conditions or ailments that tend to be the most common, especially since they are ultimately the ones that most people suffer from. They are the following:

1. Insomnia

It is the most common sleep disorder. In fact, it affects 40% of the population temporarily (that is, occasionally) and 10% chronically, with a prevalence generally between 20 and 30%.

Insomnia includes difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. These episodes may come and go, last only 2 to 3 weeks (transient or short-term insomnia), or be long-lasting (chronic insomnia).

2. Restless legs syndrome

It has a prevalence of between 5 to 10% of the population. It consists of a disorder of neurological origin that causes uncomfortable sensations in the legs during rest, causing the person to have the need to get up, walk and move, since with movement these unpleasant sensations tend to be relieved or disappear.

It affects both men and women equally, and although it can appear at any age, it is much more common after 40 years of age. It affects the quality of sleep, causing the appearance of drowsiness during the day since the person is not able to stay asleep at night, or fall asleep.

3. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

It is the third most common sleep disorder, with a prevalence of 4% of the population. It becomes one of the most dangerous sleep disorders, since the person who suffers from it stops breathing for a few seconds because the airways have been partially blocked or narrowed.

It is common for people with apnea to wake up tired in the morning, feeling sleepy throughout the day. In addition, they have a higher risk of suffering from depression or high blood pressure that is difficult to treat.

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