PregnancyWhat are the causes of male infertility?

What are the causes of male infertility?

Cases of male infertility comprise 50% of infertility in couples, but what are the most common causes of infertility in men?

Many men have always had the desire to have children, it is no secret, it is usually a success, but sometimes men find themselves unable to procreate and when they go to a doctor he gives them unexpected news.

Male infertility accounts for around 50% of all cases of infertility and inability to conceive in a couple, and it is a problem that has different causes. But what does it really consist of?

Basically we can say that we talk about the existence of infertility in men when there is an inability to cause a pregnancy, which is often due to the fact that the man has a low sperm count. However, it is not the only related cause.

Main causes of male infertility

The main causes of male infertility are given in the following list

  • Gonad disorder (30-40%)
  • Sperm transport disorder (10-20%)
  • Hypothalamic or pituitary disorder (1-2%)
  • Unknown causes (40-50%)

As can be seen, the unknown causes comprise 40 to 50% of the causes of male infertility.  And what do we owe this for? Mainly because the research has not yet been fully developed, and there is still a lot of testing to do in this area. And because, above all, it is not entirely possible to identify the causes.

Be that as it may, it usually occurs because there is a low sperm count. On the other hand, it can also be caused by the existence of ejaculation problems or by the presence of abnormalities in the man’s sperm (mainly related to its quality and the quality of the sperm themselves).

The abnormalities in the sperm have two possible reasons in an individual, or the period of life that these have is unusually short, or they do not have a good mobility, being this exaggeratedly low.

The reasons for abnormalities to appear in the sperm may be due to different causes that cause this problem. For example: inflammation of the testicles, swelling of the veins in the scrotum or having abnormally developed testicles.

However, it can also have a genetic origin or due to a birth defect. Unhealthy habits also influence its appearance: the habitual consumption of alcohol, tobacco or other drugs are related causes. As well as other causes such as a severe mumps infection after puberty, a hormonal disorder, or an exposure to toxic chemicals.

Likewise, radiation exposure can also cause a low sperm count, hernia repairs, and obstruction from a previous infection, wearing tight underwear, or an injury to the groin area.

Also as said before, ejaculation problems can be the cause of male infertility. The most common causes of a bad ejaculation are the following:

  • Suffering from premature ejaculation.
  • Suffering from retrograde ejaculation, this occurs when semen is forced back into the bladder.
  • Suffering from erectile dysfunction.
  • That it is an effect of a surgery previously done or because of radiotherapy.

Other causes for male infertility can be from a previously suffered sexually transmitted disease, urinary tract infections, or the use of certain types of medications.

How is male infertility treated?

The causes that generate the appearance of male infertility have been well shown, but despite the fact that some men may feel that there is no way to solve this problem, there are some treatments that can help you remedy this situation, below are the methods that are normally used to treat this condition:

  • Taking drugs to increase sperm production can be a solution to treat male infertility, since if you have a low number of sperm, these drugs will solve this situation.
  • Take hormones to improve the hormonal imbalance that you have.
  • Avoid taking longhot showers and baths, especially in jacuzzis or saunas, these will contribute to the development of infertility in men due to the excessive heat they produce.
  • Avoid the use of tight underwear that gives too much heat to the pelvic area of ​​men, with the use of looser underwear such as boxer shorts overheating of this area can be avoided.

Tips to avoid male infertility

Giving a summary of the aforementioned, we can say that avoiding contracting sexually transmitted diseases, avoiding drug use and alcohol intake, avoiding exposure to radiation or toxic substances and having good personal hygiene can help avoid suffering from male infertility


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