Health and MedicineDiseasesViruses and bacteria are not the same: discover how to differentiate and...

Viruses and bacteria are not the same: discover how to differentiate and treat them

Did you know that viruses and bacteria are not the same thing? For this reason, it is useful not only to know how to differentiate them, but also to bear in mind that their medical treatment is obviously not the same.

Most of us tend to confuse and think when we get sick that viruses and bacteria could be the same and it is not. For this reason, at Natural we have decided to dedicate an article in which we provide the definition of each of these microorganisms in order to differentiate them.

The only resemblance between the two is that both viruses and bacteria are microorganisms and, being so small in size, they are impossible to see with the human eye unless we use a microscope.

The size of bacteria even being a microorganism exceeds the size of viruses up to 100 times. Viruses are microorganisms that live inside the cells of human beings, which mean that we all have viruses.

Viruses come in different sizes and shapes, the smallest being between 18 and 20 nanometers wide, and in one millimeter of space there can be up to 50,000 viruses. This means that they divide very quickly, invading the tissues of a certain organ and thus starting the infection.

The main viruses that cause colds are the viruses that are transmitted through the air when the person speaking has a cold or cough, or when they cough or sneeze.

These symptoms and others such as runny nose, cough, sore throat, nasal obstruction, occur because when the virus is transmitted through the air, it reaches the nose, pharynx or mouth and when it reaches these areas, inflammation is reproduced in the areas that we have mentioned before, thus developing the common symptoms of a cold or cold.

There are several viruses that cause colds, such as respiratory syncytial virus, rhinovirus, adenovirus, and influenza viruses.

Among the vast world of viruses are also the viruses that cause gastroenteritis, these viruses are very common and in this case the virus is spread through food contaminated by poor handling, food in poor condition, by the saliva of another person with the virus.

The means of transmission of these viruses is the mouth, starting first with the mouth, stomach and intestine and as a consequence of the action of the viruses these organs become inflamed and painful, producing diarrhea and vomiting.

The names of these common stomach viruses are rotavirus and enter virus. Some viruses cause serious illnesses such as the viruses that cause AIDS and hepatitis.

And what tests exist to be able to identify the type of virus? The tests that are carried out to identify the type of virus consist of taking blood samples, doing a stool or mucus culture.

Unlike bacteria, viruses are not treated with antibiotics since antibiotics are not effective for viruses.

Bacteria are also microorganisms and the smallest bacteria can be the size of the largest viruses and cause infections in any organ.

In general, bacteria tend to affect or be found in a single organ or also be located in the closest organs or related to that same organ, as could be the case of a bacterial infection in the lung, being able to reach other related and close organs. As they are, throat and ears.

There are occasions that the bacteria could be found only in the blood, this pathology is known as bacteremia. There are very aggressive bacteria that can cause very serious infections to the point of being fatal, as is the case of the bacteria called meningococcal.

The most frequent infections caused by bacteria are: pharyngitis, otitis, pneumonia, meningitis, tuberculosis, urinary tract infection, lymph node infection, gastroenteritis.

From all this information we can translate that bacteria are more aggressive than viruses and that in the case of bacteria they are treated with antibiotics.

Antibiotics that should always be prescribed by doctors since the inappropriate use of antibiotics makes the bacteria that we normally have in our body become very resistant and when we really need the administration of antibiotics, they will be ineffective.

Once the differences have been clarified, we must always keep in mind not to self-medicate in the face of any symptom or suspicion of having contracted a disease and go to the doctor for a good review and prescription of the appropriate medications to treat the disease.


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