List of vaccines to travel, necessary and essential before making a trip to a new country, especially exotic.
Whenever the heat begins to tighten, or that in short the good weather stalks us (although it is also true that the cold can also become a good incentive), it is common for us to want to go on vacation, possibly to another distant country.
For the most part, these countries are characterized by being first-rate tourist destinations, especially exotic places and a good claim to enjoy and rest.
But before starting to plan the trip, it is necessary to know what are the necessary vaccines to travel, especially those that you must know before embarking on the trip to your vacation spot.
From both a medical and health point of view, it is essential first of all to know the country to which you are going ; that is, if there is a risk of contagion of some type of disease and ultimately what are the essential vaccines.
In this sense, you must bear in mind that the vaccine will depend above all on each traveler and on each trip (in addition to the situation of the country to which you will travel). In fact, there are a certain series of vaccines that are subject to international regulations, so the country you are traveling to may require the International Vaccination Certificate.
The 5 most common vaccines if you are going to travel
Here is a list of vaccines to travel that we could consider as main:
Hepatitis A vaccine
Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), which is spread through contact with the feces of infected people. If a person is infected with this virus, symptoms such as fever, lack of appetite, fatigue, joint pain, nausea and vomiting, as well as jaundice and stomach pains appear.
These symptoms tend to appear 2-6 weeks after exposure to the virus, and your vaccination helps prevent this type of infection, which can lead to liver failure and death, although this is actually rare.
Hepatitis B vaccine
Like hepatitis A, hepatitis B is also a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus, whose infection can last a few weeks, or can even become a lifelong condition, which can be either acute or chronic.
Acute infection can present with fever, loss of appetite, fatigue and tiredness, nausea and vomiting, jaundice, and pain in the stomach, muscles, and joints. Whereas, chronic infection can result in cirrhosis (liver damage), liver cancer, and death.
Typhoid Fever Vaccine
Typhoid fever is considered to be a serious disease, caused by Salmonella Tychy, and bacteria. It can present with tiredness and weakness, high fever, headache and stomach ache, loss of appetite, and only occasionally a skin rash.
It is contracted through contaminated water or food, and if left untreated it can be fatal in 30% of cases. The vaccine therefore helps prevent the disease. There are a total of two vaccines: an inactivated one, which is administered as an injection, and a weakened one, which is consumed orally.
Cholera is a disease transmitted by bacteria that can cause severe diarrhea and vomiting, so if not treated quickly, it can cause dehydration and lead to death. In most cases, most travelers do not need the cholera vaccine, as long as they are not traveling to areas where infection is common. In these cases, vaccination in adults between 18 and 64 years of age is recommended.
Tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis vaccine
Tetanus is now a rare disease, which can cause painful muscle stiffness and ten
sion, especially in the muscles of the head and neck. On the other hand, diphtheria can cause the formation of a thick layer in the back of the throat, which can cause breathing problems, as well as paralysis, heart failure and death.
Whooping cough, in turn, causes severe coughing spells that can lead to shortness of breath and vomiting. One of its main complications is pneumonia, which can lead to death.
The Tap vaccine can protect a person from tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough. Today it is common to administer a dose of this vaccine in children aged 11 to 12 years, but if you are an adult and have not received it, it may be recommended if you are going to travel.
Other vaccines just as useful for traveling
There are also other vaccines whose administration is recommended depending on the country where you are going to travel. They are the following:
- Japanese encephalitis vaccine
- Spring-summer encephalitis vaccine
- Flu shot
- Pneumococcal vaccine
- Rabies vaccine
- Meningococcal vaccine
It is advisable to go to an international traveler information center and to the international vaccination center of the Ministry of Health and Consumer Affairs for more information.