Health and MedicineDiseasesStomach ulcer: symptoms, causes and treatment

Stomach ulcer: symptoms, causes and treatment

Symptoms of stomach ulcer, with information on its causes and the most appropriate treatments for what is also known as gastric ulcer.

Although medically they are known by the name of peptic ulcers or gastric ulcers, what is popularly known as a stomach ulcer consists of a wound or sore that is found mainly in the lining of the stomach, in the esophagus or even in the upper small intestine.

From a medical point of view, and being -above all- much more specific, it consists of circumscribed erosion that affects the mucosa that covers the stomach or the duodenum, and can be classified as gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer. This presents little or no tendency to scarring.

They can appear in both men and women, regardless of their age; that is, it can appear both in childhood and at much older ages.

Symptoms of stomach ulcer

Corrosive pain sensation

One of its most characteristic symptoms is the feeling of having a corrosive pain, which tends to appear at night during sleep hours, or also between 1 to 2 hours after meals. It presents as painful acid dyspepsia.

Gastro esophageal reflux

It is another of the most common symptoms, appearing together with heartburn or heartburn, which disappears when antacids or an alkaline agent is consumed, such as bicarbonate.

Nausea and vomiting

It is usually another of the common symptoms, linked in turn to weight loss. Sometimes vomiting can occur with both blood and stomach acid.

Stool color

People with stomach ulcers may have clay-colored or black stools with blood.

Causes of stomach ulcer

Although there is a great diversity of theories in relation to the very different causes of gastric ulcer, there seems to be some agreement that they have a greater relationship with:

  • Food: caffeine consumption tends to stimulate the secretion of acid in the stomach, contributing to its formation.
  • Habits of life: while tobacco delays healing and contributes to its reappearance, emotional stress has an important relationship.
  • Gastric hyperacidity.
  • Excessive drug use.
  • Helicobacter pylori infection.

What is your treatment?

There are different medical treatments that can help heal the ulcer, which will ultimately depend on what caused it.

In the case, for example, that its appearance is due to infection by Helicobacter pylori, the treatment has above all the objective of reducing and eliminating it, with a combination of antibiotics and an inhibitor of acid secretion.

If it is any other cause, a stomach lining protector, H2-receptor antagonists, and proton pump inhibitors may be used.


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