Nutrition and DietSoft diet for gastritis

Soft diet for gastritis

When you have gastritis, following a soft diet helps to calm the stomach and not overload it, especially when you take into account which foods are recommended and which are prohibited.

There are several different diseases and health disorders that tend to affect both directly and indirectly the digestive system. Among the most common we find gastroenteritis, which consists of a swelling of the intestine caused mainly by a virus or bacteria, and  gastritis, consisting of an irritation of the gastric mucosa.

Regarding what are the main causes that intervene or influence the appearance of gastritis, we find especially with bad eating habits, the abuse of certain medications (especially anti-inflammatory drugs), or by the Helicobacter Pylori bacteria. There is also another type of gastritis that has more to do with the emotional state of the person, in case of stress and anxiety, which is popularly known as emotional gastritis.

In relation to the treatment for gastritis, we must bear in mind that from a medical point of view it is possible to prescribe different treatments. Basically we can summarize them in the following list:

  • Medications and drugs: for example, antacid medications such as Alma or Ural, medications that regulate gastric acidity such as ranitidine, or medications that decrease gastric secretion, such as Omeprazole.
  • Soft diet: it is one of the most effective and appropriate treatments, together with the prescription of those medications or drugs that the medical specialist deems appropriate.

What is a soft diet?

As its name suggests, when we talk about a soft diet we refer to a type of diet specially designed for delicate stomachs, so that certain foods that can be harmful or very strong for the digestive system are prohibited, and other more suitable ones are advised, for being much “softer”.

That is, it is a type of diet recommended and recommended to mitigate certain problems related to the digestive system, both gastric (such as gastritis, diarrhea, gastroesophageal reflux or an ulcer), or for swallowing difficulties It is also used in case of use of dental appliances or jaw surgery.

We can mention, for example, the so-called astringent soft diet, which is especially interesting in case of diarrhea and gastritis, being suitable in case of indigestion, food poisoning or gastric disorder. Why? Very simple: because it helps when it comes to nourishing our body but stimulating digestion little, so that there is no effort on the part of the digestive system, while we help in the resolution of the problem that has originated the implementation of this diet.

What foods are recommended?

When you have gastritis and your doctor advises you to follow a soft diet, you must take into account which are the most recommended foods. Here we indicate them:

  • Toasted, white or whole wheat bread.
  • Certain fruits: baked apple, cooked pear or ripe banana.
  • Certain vegetables and greens: boiled or raw carrot.
  • Boiled rice.
  • Roasted or boiled potatoes.
  • Boiled or baked chicken.
  • Boiled or baked fish.
  • Low-fat liquid yogurt.
  • Infusions and teas: chamomile and green tea.
  • Liquids: water and juice.

We can especially mention baked apples as well as ripe bananas and rice, since they are capable of creating a kind of useful film to protect the intestinal mucosa.

What foods are prohibited?

Just as there are some foods whose consumption when following a soft diet for gastritis is recommended, there are also others that would be contraindicated. They are as follows:

  • Certain sauces and other condiments: fatty sauces, vinegar, mayonnaise, ketchup and mustard.
  • Spices
  • Butter.
  • Margarine.
  • Fried and canned foods.
  • Spicy foods.
  • Sausages.
  • Drinks: soft drinks, black coffee and alcoholic beverages.



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