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Scoliosis: what is it, causes, symptoms and treatment?

Scoliosis is a condition of the spine, which consists of the lateral curvature of the spine.  What are its causes and what symptoms does it produce? We also talk about his diagnosis and medical treatment.

Scoliosis is the lateral or abnormal curvature that originates in the spine.

That is, it basically consists of a deviation of the spine. This curvature can occur in the lumbar or thoracic area, and in which the spine curves from side to side. This condition of the spine usually appears in boys and girls when they are in the stages or phases of growth. However, it is a lateral curvature that occurs in the spine, and that in most cases is of a structural nature, which means that it is not voluntary or postural.

What are your causes?

The causes for which this condition occurs in the spine in a high percentage are exactly unknown, although among the most common may be genetic problems, connective tissue alterations or bone alterations.

There are several types of scoliosis, the first type of scoliosis is called idiopathic scoliosis  is the most common and occurs in children, adolescents and young people.

Congenital scoliosis is the one that occurs since the baby is born due to a malformation in the baby’s vertebrae, due to genetic conditions.

Another type of scoliosis is neuromuscular scoliosis; this type of scoliosis is due to a problem in the nervous system that affects the muscles, caused by various causes or diseases such as cerebral palsy, spine bifida, polio, muscular dystrophy.

The curvature of the spine is measured and interpreted in degrees. An important or abnormal curvature is considered to be that which exceeds 25º to 30º. On the other hand, when the curvature exceeds 45º to 50º, they are considered serious.

Symptoms of Scoliosis

Scoliosis in minors does not usually cause pain, however in the case of adults they feel pain in the area of ​​the spine that is deviated. In fact, for quite a few years it was thought that scoliosis caused back pain in children, or rather it tended to make it easier for it to appear later in adulthood.

However, many studies have shown that this is actually not entirely true, since pain tends to be at the same levels as in people who do not have this condition. In fact, children tend not to report any discomfort on most occasions, although in adulthood there could be some degree of pain, when the deformity of the spine can in turn lead to various alterations in the muscles located in the back, generating contractures.

However, if pain occurs or appears, it appears especially when you are in the same position for a long time, both sitting and standing.

Since scoliosis does not cause pain in the smallest children, they are usually discovered in children’s pediatric check-ups, since they are usually easily detected in cases in which the symptoms are clearly visible, such as those detailed below:

  • One hip higher than the other.
  • Uneven waist.
  • One shoulder higher than the other.
  • One shoulder blade more pronounced or prominent than the other.
  • The body is supported more on one side.

In these cases, the pediatrician, once the child has been checked and the condition detected will refer the child to a specialist doctor, in this case the traumatologies.

How is it diagnosed?

The traumatology’s will explore the minor’s spinal column with different tests, including palpation of the vertebrae, will look for the existence of asymmetries between both sides, looking at the shoulders, hips, waist, and will even measure the height of each foot from the hip to see if they measure what itself, the Adams maneuver or test.

The Adams test consists of the patient leaning forward bending at the waist, the trunk is flexed until the back is parallel to the ground, the specialist will face forward and checks if there is any difference between one side of the body and the other.

Other tests that the traumatology’s may request to confirm the diagnosis and be able to measure the curvature of the spine can be a chest x-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, a CT scan, spinal x-ray.

In the case of adults, scoliosis can lead to early osteoarthritis and over the years if it is not treated well, more symptoms appear that can limit the quality of life of the person affected by scoliosis.

When scoliosis is very severe, the capacity of the chest decreases and comes to affect the function of organs such as the heart or lungs, altering the normal function of these organs.

How is the treatment of scoliosis?

The treatment in the case of children is to try to correct poor posture, increase the trunk muscles during growth with physiotherapy, swimming, to try to stop the evolution of the curvature, in many cases the specialist prescribes a special corset with which It will help to straighten the spine due to the pressure exerted by the corset, until the growth stops or the curvature is corrected.

During this time the child will go through continuous check-ups to see his evolution.

Treatment for adults with scoliosis will depend on the degree of scoliosis. In cases of mild scoliosis, the specialist may prescribe conservative treatments such as electro stimulation or rehabilitation.

When scoliosis in adults is severe, the treatment will consist of correcting the deviation of the spine with surgery.

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HealthyWire Staff
HealthyWire Staffhttps://healthywire.com/
This blog also features articles on natural living, fitness, healthy children, inspiration, and nutritious food and recipes. HealthyWire assists you in building a naturally healthy, whole-family environment. The site features articles on a variety of topics, including reduction of weight, men’s and women’s health, yoga, healthcare, fitness & exercise, diseases & prevention, healthy living and wellbeing, lifestyle, and much more.

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