Health and MedicineDiseasesRestless legs syndrome: discover what it is, its causes, and symptoms

Restless legs syndrome: discover what it is, its causes, and symptoms

Do you know what restless legs syndrome or Willis-Eskom disease is? We discover what it consists of, its symptoms and what causes its appearance.

Restless legs syndrome is a pathology that affects many people. This pathology affects both the adolescent population and the adult population, with the percentage of those affected being higher in people over 70 years of age. The percentage reaches 6 or 8% of the population between 20 and 65 years of age. It is a pathology also known as Willis-Eskomdisease.

However, in the case of people over 70 years of age, it reaches 15 or 20%. Surely on more than one occasion you have noticed the symptoms that accompany this syndrome, such as the almost difficult to control need that leads you to move your legs even when we are resting or sleeping.

It basically consists of a disorder of neurological origin characterized by the fact that uncomfortable sensations occur in the extremities (especially in the legs) during rest, either when the person remains lying down or sitting. As a consequence, there is the need to get up, move and walk, since with movement the unpleasant sensations and symptoms tend to disappear or be relieved.

Causes of restless legs syndrome

The causes that could cause this pathology can be several, although in a fairly high percentage it can be the genetic factor.

Other causes that could cause these symptoms could be:

  • The consumption of caffeine or alcohol.
  • The lack of some vitamins.
  • Iron deficiency.
  • Taking some drugs.
  • Diabetes.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Renal insufficiency.

What symptoms does it cause?

The symptoms can be several, although the most common, as we have said before, is the need to move the legs. Other symptoms are tingling, prickling sensation.

These symptoms usually appear when we are at rest or while we are sleeping.

As a result of these symptoms, it is difficult for us to fall asleep even once asleep, the restlessness and need to move our legs wakes us up, so we lose both sleep and its quality, not achieving a restful sleep.

The night can become eternal and the next day our quality of life is affected.

Restless legs syndrome can also appear during the day, although it is more frequent at night at the times mentioned above.

There are times when the problem is aggravated when it appears very frequently and we spend many nights without sleep, the next day we cannot do daily tasks normally, so many people can suffer from anxiety and even depression in cases more serious.

Restless legs syndrome is measured by the frequency of onset, ranging from intermittent  when it appears less than twice a week , to chronic-persistent when it appears two or more times a week.

The treatments that professionals prescribe for this syndrome are usually aimed at calming the symptoms and improving the quality of life of the affected person.

If at any time you notice any of the symptoms that could make you suspect that you suffer from restless legs syndrome, go to your doctor, he will undoubtedly know how to indicate the treatment that best suits you for this pathology.


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