Hypotension, like high blood pressure, can be a health problem, but it can be easily prevented. Learn how with these helpful tips.
Although arterial hypertension usually tends to be better known for the different cardiovascular problems that long-term high blood pressure entails (especially when it is not treated medically and is maintained over time), hypotension can also become a serious problem.
It basically consists of an abnormal condition of blood pressure, when it is lower than what is considered normal. Usually, normal blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg (systolic/diastolic), so we are faced with hypotension when systolic pressure is less than 90 mm Hg and/or diastolic pressure are less than 60 mm Hg.
Useful tips to prevent low blood pressure
Among some of the tips we can take to prevent hypotension, we should increase fluid intake, mainly water, coffee or tea. In fact, having a little caffeine each day can positively help prevent low blood pressure. This way you will also avoid dehydration.
Of course, alcoholic beverages are not at all appropriate, since they tend to depress the heart rate, which in turn causes a decrease in blood pressure levels.
In addition, it is vitally important to maintain a healthy diet that is as complete and varied as possible. Particularly noteworthy in this case are fresh fruits, vegetables and vegetables, and foods that are especially rich in salt.
Moderate physical exercise is also very useful. Of course, the most advisable thing is that the physical activity be moderate and never be started or finished abruptly, nor that it be intense.
There are also other suitable tips, such as the ones we discuss below:
- Avoid excess heat and situations that can overwhelm you. For example, try not to go outside when it is very hot, and reduce hot showers or baths.
- Avoid getting up from the bed or sofa quickly. It is better to do it little by little.
However, when arterial hypotension occurs, it is diagnosed and alarm symptoms such as vertigo or dizziness arise, it is advisable to maintain the following basic advice:
- Standing or standing is not recommended.
- Sitting or lying down for a long time.
- Increase the consumption of liquids, especially infusion, tea or coffee.
Always under the advice of the doctor, it is possible to increase the amount of salt in the diet.
What is low blood pressure (hypotension)?
Hypotension is understood as blood pressure figures below normal limits (90/60 mmHg), and in most cases, it does not usually produce symptoms, but at very special times and occasions (such as being in closed places with heat, or being on your feet for a long time), the tension drops much more and the different characteristic discomforts appear, such as tiredness, dizziness and a feeling of fainting.
This is due to the fact that the blood does not adequately reach the different organs of the human body, and may even present loss of consciousness.
Causes of arterial hypotension
Although we have already commented on it in a much summarized way before, among the most common causes of hypotension we find: excess heat, dehydration, tobacco, consumption of medications, alcohol and prolonged fasting.
This is worsened when any of these factors are combined, such as excessive heat and excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco at the same time.
In addition, there are certain diseases or pathologies that can cause hypotension. In fact, sometimes low blood pressure is a sign that a person may have some kind of underlying problem, especially in old age that causes inadequate blood flow to the brain, heart, and other vital organs.
Among the diseases that can cause low blood pressure we can name the following: arrhythmias, heart attack, diabetes, heart failure, syncope, shock and certain eating disorders.
On the other hand, certain medications can also cause arterial hypotension. This is the case of narcotic pain relievers, antidepressants, diuretics, prescribed heart medications, or medications commonly used in surgery.