What is presbyopia and what does it consist of? Discover its symptoms, causes and the most appropriate treatment to correct it effectively.
More and more people are becoming aware of the importance of taking care of their eyes; and particularly not only the eyes, but especially when it comes to taking care of vision. And we must not forget that the eyes are very sensitive and delicate organs, so that any serious injury to them can even lead to vision loss.
Over the years, it is common for some very common vision disorders to appear, such as cataracts (sensation of blurred or opaque vision) or myopia (progressive but slowed loss of vision).
In the case of presbyopia, we are faced with another of the most common vision disorders, which usually appears above all after 40 years of age.
What is presbyopia and what does it consist of?
It is characterized as a disorder directly related to age; in fact, we can literally translate presbyopia as aged eye. It consists of an eye condition that appears after 40 years of age, when the lens tends to become more rigid.
It is an alteration of vision that we could call mechanical, since the lens cannot change shape as easily as before, becoming more rigid. Hence, it is considered as a normal condition.
The most common symptom is difficulty reading or seeing things at close range. As a consequence of straining your eyes, other signs and symptoms may appear, such as visual fatigue, feeling tired when carrying out an activity that requires close vision, and headache.
Causes of presbyopia
Medical experts believe that as we age, changes in the proteins in the lens make it stiffer and less flexible, while the muscles around it also lose elasticity.
For this reason, as the years go by, and as the lens becomes less flexible, the eye has greater difficulty in focusing on close objects.
How is presbyopia diagnosed?
The ophthalmologist can easily diagnose presbyopia during a comprehensive eye exam, and can determine the degree of presbyopia using a standard vision test.
This standard test involves asking the person to read the letters on a chart placed at the other end of the room, and then near vision is tested.
Since presbyopia is a normal condition that appears over the years, reading glasses (also known as reading glasses) can be very helpful in easily correcting the symptoms of presbyopia.
The most common is that these glasses are only used during those activities in which close vision is required. They can be bought in pharmacies and stores, although it is also possible to opt for glasses prescribed by the doctor, which are of higher quality.