It is probably very possible that you ask yourself the following question: is it possible that ovarian pain appears even without having the period? This is an absolutely normal doubt, since it is very common to relate ovarian pain to menstruation.
The reason for this relationship is quite obvious: in most cases, ovarian discomfort appears as a result of menstruation. It may even be the case that these discomforts appear during the middle of the ovulation cycle, which is called painful ovulation.
As we indicated on a previous occasion, we must be clear that, in reality, ovarian pain does not really exist, since they are organs that do not have sensitivity. That is, the ovaries do not cause pain, and they are related to certain imbalances related especially to the female reproductive system.
These discomforts appear above all in the lower region of the abdomen, just below the region of the navel and the pelvis. It can be temporary, acute or chronic (which will depend on the cause that has caused its appearance). In turn, cramps may appear in the belly, or a feeling of pricks at the height of the ovaries, on one of the two sides of the belly.
Can ovarian pain appear without menstruation?
As we said in the previous lines, it is very common to relate ovarian pain to menstruation, mainly because menstrual pain is one of its main causes as a result of the action of prostagdin, which is a substance that causes contractions in the musculature of the uterus, which in turn causes pain.
However, it is possible to feel pain and discomfort in the ovaries without having a period. In these cases, these pains appear after ovulation (painful ovulation) or menstruation itself, it is associated with kidney pain or stomach pain, and would be produced by other causes or reasons. We analyze these causes in the next section.
Causes of ovarian pain without period
There are different causes that can cause the ovaries to hurt and bother even without having the period or menstruation. As we will see below, one of the most obvious and common causes is pregnancy, but it is not the only one. We summarize them:
- Symptom of pregnancy: both are linked. Ovarian pain in this case always manifests itself in early pregnancy, almost immediately after conception has occurred. This pain decreases as the pregnancy progresses, may or may not be very intense, and may occur in one or both ovaries.
- Ectopic pregnancy: pathological pregnancy that develops outside the uterine cavity, as a consequence of the uterine egg having been located in the fallopian tubes instead of having migrated to the uterus.
- Painful ovulation: Ovary pain occurs during ovulation, usually in the middle of the ovulation cycle.
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: is a sexually transmitted disease that causes dangerous inflammation of the reproductive organs, caused by the Neisseria gonorrhea or Chlamydia trachomatis viruses. If not treated early, it can cause infertility.
- Tumors: both benign and malignant (ovarian tumor or cancer). They usually do not cause symptoms until they are in an advanced stage. Hence, it is important to visit the gynecologist periodically.
Ovarian pain in pregnancy
The truth is that when a woman is pregnant, any discomfort or pain tends to be worrying, especially when she does not know if it is a common discomfort or not. This is what happens, for example, with ovarian pain during pregnancy.
In fact, did you know that it is one of the first symptoms that can appear when pregnancy occurs? It is not specifically ovarian pain itself, but an abdominal pain similar to the one that appears when menstruation comes, which leads to confusion with the discomfort that arises when the ovaries are ovulating.
This obviously does not mean that menstruation will arrive. Moreover, ovarian pain in pregnancy is common to notice during the first weeks of pregnancy. Of course, the pain can also occur throughout the pregnancy.
Only when the pain is very lucky and is accompanied by other symptoms such as bleeding or fever is it essential to go to the gynecologist quickly, since they may be signs of other diseases.
Is it possible to feel cramps in the ovaries?
As we mentioned in the previous lines, the truth is that ovarian pain can also be accompanied by cramps. That is, having the sensation of suffering painful and annoying punctures that feel like cramps.
In these cases, when cramps arise and menstruation has not yet come, it is very possible that they are ovulation cramps, especially when these discomforts occur in the middle of the cycle, when the mature egg emerges from the follicle.
As you surely know, it is common for ovulation to be accompanied by some symptoms, such as ovarian pain and abdominal pain, in addition to the appearance of a very small amount of bleeding.
What to do before the appearance of ovarian pain without a period?
The most advisable thing is always to go to the gynecologist, who will evaluate you and investigate the cause that has caused the appearance of ovarian pain. On the other hand, do not forget that it is extremely important to visit this medical specialist regularly, preferably at least once a year.
If you are pregnant and the ovarian pain is very strong or is accompanied by other symptoms such as bleeding and/or fever, it is best to go quickly to the gynecologist for medical evaluation.