Babies and ChildrenOtitis in the child: what is it, symptoms, causes and treatment?

Otitis in the child: what is it, symptoms, causes and treatment?

Otitis consists of inflammation of the ear, mainly due to an infection. Childhood otitis is extremely common, affecting many children each year. Find out everything you need to know about her.

The otitis or ear pain caused by inflammation of the ear canal, is one of the most common diseases in children under three years; although it is necessary to know what symptoms it has and what treatment to try to solve it as well as possible.

There is no doubt that, during the winter, it tends to be extremely common for the little ones to get sick more easily than during the rest of the year, mainly due to the large casuistry that, of cases of flu and colds, occurs during this cold epoch.

In this sense, there is no doubt that otitis in children is usually one of the most common direct consequences of many flu and colds.

Taking into account that otitis is the inflammation of the ear itself, it can be internal, external or middle depending on whether it affects the inner, outer and middle ear, respectively.

What is otitis?

Otitis basically consists of inflammation of the ear. In most cases, this inflammation is due to an upper respiratory infection. For this reason, ear infection is highly related to otitis.

These infections are mainly due to the presence of viruses or bacteria, which enter the body through the nose or mouth.

It especially affects children, because precisely in those places where there are many children together, germs tend to spread more easily, as for example in the case of daycare or school.

But it is not only respiratory infections that tend to cause ear infections and inflammation.  Also allergies or certain air pollutants (such as cigarette smoke) can cause them.

Why do more cases of infantile otitis occur in winter?

The otitis is the inflammation of the ear, usually becoming one of the causes most common and usual flus and colds, especially during the months of winter.

For this reason, young children between three months and three years tend to be those who may be most at risk of suffering from childhood otitis, mainly due to the different complications of a cold or flu.

Symptoms of otitis in children

Normally children with otitis will hold their ears as a cause of pain, they will feel uncomfortable, affecting sleepappetite, possibly with fever and nausea, and a loss of hearing.

In fact, we can make a brief summary of what are the most common and common symptoms of childhood otitis:

  • Earache (tends to increase when the child chews).
  • Itching and a feeling of having a plugged ear.
  • It is usually accompanied by a fever.
  • Appearance of swollen glands around the pinna and at the level of the neck.
  • Hearing loss.
  • Shaking chills.
  • Vomiting and stomach pain may appear.

What are your causes?

One of the most common causes is the previous cold infection originating in the throat that causes the accumulation of mucus especially in the nose area.

The ear infection will cause a sum of pus and fluids that will oppress the eardrum causing pain and hearing loss. Otitis usually appears in the colder months which produces severe discomfort and uncomfortable pain.

How is the treatment?

A doctor will be in charge of carrying out the necessary examination of the ears, throat and nose for subsequent diagnosis. The antibiotics and inflammatory are the most effective methods to cure, and even drops are necessary and effective analgesic to help relieve symptoms.

In any case, when the first symptoms of otitis appear, it is best to always go to the pediatrician, who will observe the child’s ear with the otoscope.

Then, the treatment of otitis will generally consist of the prescription of analgesics and anti-inflammatories, which can be applied in the form of drops or orally.

Can childhood otitis be prevented?

Although childhood otitis can be a direct consequence of a cold or flu, it is true that you can adopt a series of preventive measures in the child that can help you when it comes to preventing otitis. You should avoid the use of cotton buds and cottons.

In this sense, it is essential that you dry the pinna very well after each bath, tilting its head to one side and then to the other (it will help your little ears to expel water more easily).

It is convenient that, during the winter, every time the little one goes out to the street, they wear earmuffs or a hat that completely covers their ears.

It is also essential that you make sure that your child does not put materials in their ears, since they contain germs that can remain in their ears.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Subscribe Today



Get unlimited access to our EXCLUSIVE Content and our archive of subscriber stories.

Exclusive content

Latest article

More article