Everything you need to know about male osteoporosis: why it appears, its causes and prevention tips to prevent it from appearing.
Osteoporosis is characterized by being a pathology that affects the bones, due to a decrease in bone mass, the tissue that forms it, both in the proteins that make up its matrix and in the calcium mineral salts it contains. Because of this, bones tend to be less resistant and more fragile, so that they break more easily after trauma and have less resistance to falls.
It is a pathology that has always been related to women, mainly due to the decrease that occurs in the production of estrogen by the ovaries (and other hormonal deficiencies), as a result of amenorrhea or after the arrival of menopause. However, did you know that men also suffer from it?
Why does osteoporosis appear in men?
Although it is true that the appearance of osteoporosis in women is mainly due to different hormonal deficiencies and -above all- to a decrease in the production of estrogen by the ovaries, in the case of men it is usually associated more with problems and disorders medical conditions that predispose to bone weakness and loss.
There are several diseases and disorders that can cause the appearance of what doctors call secondary osteoporosis:
- Low testosterone levels.
- Hyperthyroidism and other thyroid disorders.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Liver diseases.
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Gastrointestinal diseases that cause poor absorption of both vitamin D and calcium.
There are also other causes that can influence the appearance of osteoporosis in men:
- Family history of osteoporosis.
- Long-term use of certain medications (antiepileptic’s, aluminum-rich antacids, certain cancer treatments, and steroids).
- Unhealthy habits: drinking alcohol in excess and smoking (since they make it difficult for the body to absorb calcium).
- Little practice of physical exercise.
- Low calcium intake.
How to prevent osteoporosis in men?
The health advice is, in a certain sense, quite similar to the advice that we offered you on a previous occasion on how to prevent osteoporosis. However, this time we offer you specific guidelines for its prevention in men:
- Practice physical exercise regularly and avoid both a sedentary lifestyle and being overweight.
- Eat a gram and a half of calcium every day.
- Avoid diets rich in animal protein.
- Avoid foods with excess salt.
- To help your body produce vitamin D, ensure daily exposure to sunlight.
- If you need to strengthen your bones, take supplements rich in calcium and vitamin D (however, we always advise you to consult your doctor).
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Avoid alcohol and tobacco.
- Rest every day at least 8 hours.