Health and MedicineDiseasesObstructive sleep apnea syndrome: symptoms, causes and treatment

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: symptoms, causes and treatment

Obstructive apnea syndrome, or sleep apnea, causes a series of symptoms that lead the person to feel sleepy and not sleep properly. Discover its causes and treatment.

Although it is popularly known by the name of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, from a medical point of view it is known as Pickwick’s disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that this syndrome affects approximately 3% of the world population, affecting more men, generally obese, snorers and with an average age of 45 years.

As stated by many medical specialists, although it is true that not all people who snore suffer from this syndrome, all those who do tend to snore.

Causes of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Although the causes that cause the appearance of this syndrome are unknown, specialists believe that it results both from excessive weight against the chest wall, and from a defect in the brain’s control over breathing.

As a consequence, the blood has too much carbon dioxide, and not enough oxygen.

Symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

People who suffer from this syndrome while sleeping suffer a respiratory collapse, which tends to last between 30 seconds to 2 minutes. After this period the patient tends to produce a snore, as a result of which he wakes up and then falls asleep again.

Since this occurs several times throughout the night, the person experiences restless or intermittent sleep, hence the most commonly visible symptoms in men with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome are moodiness and moodiness. Altered.

The person suffers from drowsiness during the day, may suffer from depression and also headaches.

How is this syndrome diagnosed?

The diagnosis of this disease is made by means of a polygraphed study of sleep during 8 hours. In addition, an electrocardiogram, control of air entry and exit, blood oxygen levels and eye movements, among others, are performed.

All these tests allow not only diagnosing whether or not the person suffers from this syndrome, but also providing the possibility of knowing their cardiac response and risk, as well as the intensity and frequency of apneas.

Treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

At the moment, the only reliable medical treatment that has been shown to provide adequate results is the DPAP-Nasal system, consisting of a mask that transmits a stream of air at constant pressure, in such a way that the collapse of the respiratory system is avoided.

It is a treatment that has given excellent results. However, the high cost of diagnosing apnea means that most people who suffer from it do not have adequate treatment.

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