Health and MedicineDiseasesMigraines: symptoms, causes and types

Migraines: symptoms, causes and types

What are migraines and what symptoms does it produce to know if I am suffering from them or not? We also discover its main causes and what types of migraines exist.

On numerous occasions we have suffered from a headache and we have thought that it is just a headache. We try to relieve it by resorting to painkillers and then hope that it will go away. However, when it comes to migraines, headaches are intense and stabbing to the point that we need to rest to seek as much relief as possible and sometimes we seek darkness, we avoid light.

The headaches that accompany migraines can be noticed in any part of the head, although it generally affects one side of the head and with pain or stinging in one eye.

There is no doubt that one of the main symptoms of migraine is the headache that accompanies it, which is characterized by being an intense and stabbing pain that can prevent us from leading a normal life at the time it appears, since we need rest for a few hours in order to relieve it.

Symptoms of migraines

In addition to the throbbing, intense and disabling headache itself on many occasions, we must not forget that both light and excess noise bother us. Even someone talking to us, or simply the sound of the television even when it is low, can be tremendously annoying.

In addition to pain, migraines manifest with other symptoms such as those detailed below:

  • Discomfort.
  • Upset stomach.
  • Vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Light and noise cause the pain to increase.
  • Alterations in the field of vision (Aura).

Migraine is considered a common neurological disease, for which there is treatment. To rule out whether the headaches are headaches or migraines, we must go to the neurologist so that he can make the appropriate examination and indicate the appropriate treatment.

It is also important to rule out other pathologies that could be associated with or masked by headaches.

What are the causes of migraines?

This neurological disease affects millions of Spaniards, four million of whom three are women. Children can also suffer from migraines; in these cases it is diagnosed as “childhood migraine” usually occurs in children in which their parents or grandparents also suffer from migraines.

Migraines in children usually appear around 4 or 5 years old and in the case of some girls it does not manifest itself at these ages, it appears with the first menstruation, at the end of menstruation.

As you can see, it affects the female population more than the male. This is due to the hormonal changes that occur in the woman’s body. Migraines in women often manifest a few days before menstruation, during and even after menstruation.

The causes of migraines can be several:

  • The genetic inheritance.
  • Hormonal changes.
  • Little sleep or rest.
  • Poor sleep, insomnia.
  • Stress, anxiety, worries.
  • Changes in temperature (cold, heat, wind).
  • Some foods contribute to generating migraines (chocolate, coffee, other stimulating drinks, fats, spicy foods, sausages).

To avoid suffering from migraines as much as possible, it would be convenient to know what the cause that triggers the migraine is.

The different types of migraines that exist

There are several types of migraines and to differentiate them, we must pay attention to how and when the symptoms appear, as well as the duration and frequency with which we suffer from it.

  • Chronic migraine: can manifest with or without aura. It usually appears frequently throughout the month and even lasts up to half a month. Chronic migraine is usually suffered by people with obesity, sleep problems, anxiety, stress, depression.
  • Hemiplegic migraine: The symptoms are tingling or immobility on one side of the body that can last a few minutes.
  • Migraine without aura: It does not show previous symptoms, appearing suddenly. If we do not take an analgesic or treatment already prescribed as the pain appears, it tends to intensify.
  • Migraine with aura: The symptoms that accompany this type of migraine are the appearance of lights, flashes, spots, which for a few minutes affect vision.
  • Migraine with aura somatosensory: What characterizes this migraine is that the symptoms that we describe below occur before the pain appears, such as tingling in some part of the body, bad mood, feeling of hunger and immobility in some part of the body, symptoms like those of hemiplegic migraine.

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