Male fertility tests are tests to find out if a man has infertility or a fertility problem. Find out which are the most common and common.
There are many couples who are unable to conceive a baby throughout their lives. Since time immemorial, this problem has always been attributed to women, implying that their ovaries were not entirely fertile. However, men’s semen can also be closely related to an infertility process.
To know this information, both members of the couple must first go to a fertility doctor who will ask them a series of questions about their sexual routine that they must then accompany with their medical history.
After this, in most cases both will be asked to undergo a series of medical tests in order to find out what the state of their two reproductive organs is.
What kinds of fertility tests are there for men?
In this sense, through the following article we are going to delve into all the tests that medicine offers us when it comes to checking the quality of sperm.
For this test, you will have to go to our trusted urologist who will be in charge of performing this test and who will have the following steps to follow. First, a previous study of your weight and height will be carried out and then an exploration of the entire abdominal area and the groins will come.
This can be followed by a rectal examination of the entire penis and prostate. In most cases, a study of the volume and consistency of the testicles is also made in case there are any malformations. And in for more exhaustive tests, you can even order a testicular X-ray.
The spermogram or seminogram is one of the most widespread tests today since it allows to know in a much more objective and direct way the quality of the sperm. It is very important that the man undergo these tests after 3-4 days of sexual abstinence.
Once the sample is taken, the following parameters will be analyzed:
- Sperm concentration. The number of sperm in a milliliter of seminal fluid will be counted.
- Shapes of sperm. It is possible that the shape of the sperm has changed over time, a situation that can have a very negative effect on the time it reaches the uterus.
- Progressive mobility. It is also very important that the sperm move rapidly and progressively before fertilizing the woman’s own egg.
After having carefully studied the sperm, it will be possible to know if there is an absence of sperm (azoospermia), a low concentration of sperm (oligospermia), related mobility problems (asthenozoospermia) or, finally, an abnormal morphology (teratozoospermia).
Hormonal or testosterone test
If we see that the spermogram result has been the most negative, in most cases a more exhaustive study will have to be done through a hormonal test that will be carried out with a simple blood extraction.
Thanks to it, it will be possible to know the reason why the quantity or quality of sperm has decreased considerably.
Although it is almost always related to testosterone levels in men. One way or another, it is best to put yourself in the hands of a specialist so that he can tell us which is the best process or study to follow.
Based on the evidence obtained, it will be possible to discover which fertility treatment may be the most suitable for the man, depending on the causes of this fertility problem.