Health and MedicineDiseasesMain diseases of the testicles and their symptoms

Main diseases of the testicles and their symptoms

What are the most common diseases of the testicles? Discover the most common testicular pathologies. And know the symptoms and signs they cause.

The testicles are glandular organs that are part of the male reproductive system. They are responsible for producing sperm and male sex hormones also known as testosterone.

The testicles are always found in even numbers throughout the perinea region just below the penis. They are surrounded by a set of folds and skin that together form what is known as the scrotum, which is responsible for keeping the sperm at 1.3 degrees less than the rest of the body temperature.

Throughout history, a multitude of diseases have appeared throughout the testicles. This is because it is a very sensitive area since it has a multitude of nerve endings that make the testicles very prone to suffering from all kinds of pathologies such as the ones that we are going to describe below.

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is undoubtedly one of the most widespread tumors among men of any age. It is characterized by being of malignant origin and is very prone to spreading at great speed. Therefore, it seems extremely important to treat it as soon as possible if we do not want it to endanger the person’s life.

Among the clearest symptoms of testicular cancer, it is worth highlighting the inflammation of one of the two bags accompanied by intense pain in the area. This can cause acute discomfort in the back. To remedy it, it will be necessary to carry out medical check -ups accompanied by a specific medication together with chemotherapy sessions.


This condition is characterized by fluid buildup around a testicle that can lead to swelling of the entire scrotum. It receives the name of hydrocele and in case of any pain in the area; the best thing to do is go to our trusted urologist so that he can give us a much more specific treatment.

In most cases, simply making a small incision or surgery on the testicle itself will suffice to drain the entire affected area and say goodbye to this accumulation of fluids.

Fat cysts in the testicle

They are also called “epididymis cysts” and are characterized by the formation of small balls of fat that usually appear on the top or back of the testicle. It is pathology where the patient will suffer severe pain and discomfort in the entire crotch area.

The positive part of testicular cysts is that they are usually completely benign and in most cases they will disappear over time or simply by performing a small surgery in the affected area.


The so-called “varicocele” consists of the dilation of the testicular veins, a condition that can be transmitted from parents to children without any problem. Or also when making efforts of a great physical load when lifting objects that are too heavy.

Varicocele symptoms are characterized by sharp pain in both testicles that can later lead to a decrease in their size. If it goes on for a long time, it can cause a man to be infertile for a long period of time. Although this problem can be solved by performing a simple surgery.

Torsion of the testicles

Testicular torsion occurs when one of the testicles turns on itself causing it to be completely blocked. This situation causes blood circulation to be interrupted, causing a  “testicle infarction” that will make it unusable and will not produce more sperm and testosterone.

It usually appears in both young and middle-aged men, even when they are sleeping. To remedy this testicular torsion, the best thing that can be done is to perform surgery as soon as possible.


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