Health and MedicineDiseasesLow blood pressure (Hypotension): what is it, symptoms, causes and tips?

Low blood pressure (Hypotension): what is it, symptoms, causes and tips?

What are the causes of having low blood pressure and what symptoms occur when we have arterial hypotension? Discover everything there is to know so that you are alert.

Low blood pressure or hypotension, as it is known in medical terms, is nothing more than the weak pumping of blood flow to the heart, brain and other parts of the body.

According to specialists, blood pressure should be measured by two readings, based on systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

The systolic is the highest value that the result throws, while the lowest is the diastolic. For example, a normal value is between 90/60 mmHg and 120/80 mmHg (millimeters of mercury), if these levels are a few numbers lower than the first number (90/60): you have low blood pressure.

Blood pressure can be measured by a doctor, nurse, or third party using a digital or handheld device known as a blood pressure monitor.

But, what are the symptoms that you have high blood pressure that can help you know if you have this condition? We will explain them one by one so you can identify it.  Although, you must take into account that each person has a different organism and that each person can process this condition in a peculiar way. Specialists emphasize that young people and women during pregnancy may be prone to lower levels of tension.

Now, pay attention and if you suffer from any of these symptoms, act immediately and consult with an internist or cardiologist.

Symptoms that warn that you have low blood pressure

One of the most persistent signs is fainting or loss of strength because the pressure is low and this leads to the blood not feeding all the organs with the necessary flow. For example, the brain is severely affected and does not send messages to the parts of the body in coordination, causing weakness.

Fatigue is another of the signs that are notorious. Exhaustion and tiredness will not allow you to carry out activities that the people who afflict you regularly did.

Dizziness occurs on many occasions, causing lack of balance and disorientation. Dizziness occurs when the affected person changes body position abruptly, for example, getting up quickly after lying down for a long period. Similarly, it can occur when you lower your head or bend down.

But beware! Dizziness should not be confused with vertigo, since it is characterized by generating a sensation of rotating movement of the body or of the objects that surround it.

Some of the patients who suffer from low blood pressure tend to suffer from fainting and therefore, they are advised to be careful when they feel that this lapse may occur, because they could injure themselves if they do not sit, lie down or are not attended.

Hypotension can also cause severe headaches or headaches as a result of poor blood flow in the body and consequently affect vision; sometimes it can become cloudy and create a kind of blurred vision.

Difficulty breathing and tachycardia (when the heart beats faster than normal) can be some of the most desperate signs presented by those affected. The best thing to do in these situations is not to panic and remain calm.

Vomiting, excessive sweating (sometimes causing chills) and pale skin are some of the most visible symptoms of hypotension. Presenting these symptoms simultaneously can be much more annoying for the afflicted.

Symptoms of low blood pressure, in summary:

  • Fatigue, dizziness (accompanied by lack of balance and disorientation), fainting, severe headaches, shortness of breath, vomiting, excessive sweating, pale skin, and rapid heartbeat.

Causes of low blood pressure

Heart diseases such as insufficiencies or arrhythmias can be the main cause of low blood pressure. It can also be presented by the reception of strong emotions.

Injuries and burns can cause the volume of blood in the body to decrease, causing blood pressure to drop.

Useful recommendations that will help you

Given the annoying symptoms of low blood pressure, we will leave you with some recommendations so that you avoid going through these hypotensive crises.

Avoid spending a lot of time in an uncomfortable position, either standing or sitting. If you do, try to alternate them and change them slowly so as not to cause dizziness.

Stay hydrated on hot days or while doing activities that require a lot of strength and endurance. Drink 2 to 3 liters of liquid every 24 hours.

Try to stick to a diet that includes protein in main dishes and avoids alcoholic beverages.  This can help regulate blood pressure.


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