Health and MedicineDiseasesLack of sleep and its effects on health

Lack of sleep and its effects on health

Sleep deprivation has negative health consequences, and its effects are felt in both the short and long term. Find out how it affects you and some tips to sleep better.

If you have ever slept badly, or simply have not been able to sleep enough, it is quite possible that you have already felt its negative consequences. Especially with the rhythm of life that we lead today, where work is much more important than good rest, it is very common to suffer from lack of sleep precisely because we do not sleep enough and what our body ultimately needs to rest and to recover conveniently.

Sleeping poorly or not getting enough sleep can become the biggest “enemy” of our health, since it has effects on our health both in the short and long term. As you surely know, experts advise sleeping 8 hours a day, or at least 5 hours a day.

If you usually tend to sleep little, or do not give it the importance that you really should give it, and then we will discover what the health consequences of lack of sleep are.

Consequences of lack of sleep on our health

1. Lack of concentration, low productivity and fatigue

Lack of sleep affects our level of concentration, affecting us in a very negative way in our daily chores. Our productivity suffers since we do not feel fresh, being very common to feel the head as clumped, where ideas do not come as they really should.

When we sleep badly and suffer from lack of sleep, it is more common for us to make mistakes, and even to suffer more accidents, especially when we drive. Fatigue also appears.

2. We are more prone to disease

Lack of sleep affects our immune system in the long term, weakening our defenses.  When we sleep badly or suffer from lack of sleep for a while, it is common for our defenses to go down, so that our body becomes more prone to getting sick more easily.

Therefore, people who suffer from insomnia tend to catch a cold or flu more, or suffer from other types of related infections.

3. Increased risk of diabetes

Lack of sleep is associated with an increased risk of diabetes. In fact, different scientific investigations have been able to verify that those people who sleep less than 5 hours a day can suffer changes in glucose metabolism, which in turn favors the appearance of type 2 diabetes.

4. Weight gain

Believe it or not, lack of sleep contributes to obesity as advocated by many health experts. Why? Very simple: since our body feels fatigued, we unconsciously choose to consume foods rich in calories, especially carbohydrates.

5. Increased development of heart disease

Sleeping poorly or insufficiently increases the risk of developing heart disease, because above all it tends to increase our heart rate. That is why people who sleep poorly often have blood pressure problems.

How to sleep better to rest well?

Taking into account the rhythm of life that we usually lead every day, we could almost say that it is normal to find a place to rest properly. However, we must find it without a doubt, since resting correctly and doing it the hours that our body needs helps us to enjoy better health, since we tend to get sick less.

Here are some helpful tips:

  • Avoid or limit the use of electronic devices before going to bed: the use of mobile phones, digital tablets, and the computer can activate us and make us sleepy, so it will be harder for us to fall asleep later.
  • Replace the TV with a book: It can be a classic or an electronic book, but the important thing is to try to relax while reading your favorite book. For this reason, it is appropriate to replace television with a book or a magazine.
  • Avoid stimulating drinks: their consumption can alter our sleep habits. Therefore, you should avoid stimulating drinks such as coffee, tea or cola before going to bed and replace them with relaxing drinks. It is also advisable to eliminate energy drinks.
  • Opt for relaxing infusions: one to two hours before going to bed, after dinner, choose to drink relaxing infusions. The infusion of lemon balm, passionflower or chamomile stands out.

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