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How to understand the results of a blood test

Understanding the values ​​of a blood test helps to understand what the results of a laboratory blood test mean, which often tend to cause us doubts. We explain the most basic.

blood test (also known as a blood test or blood test) is a routine test that helps determine our health status.

It includes a series of useful parameters to discover whether or not we suffer from a certain disease, or if it is even advisable to adopt a series of habits or measures to lower some parameters or prevent their increase.

Although blood tests are routine and important, it is common for many people to collect their results, analyze their data, but do not really know what each parameter is.

Precisely to understand a blood test, it is convenient to have some useful guiding knowledge in this regard.

Understand and comprehend a blood test

Uric acid

This parameter is useful in the diagnosis of gout, a condition that affects more men than women. It usually increases in diets rich in purines, consumption of diuretic drugs or salicylates.

    • Normal uric acid values: 3.5 to 7.2 mg/LD.

Albumin

It is a protein that stores water inside the blood vessels.

  • Normal albumin values: 3.4 to 5.4 grams per deciliter (g/ld.).

Aspartate-Aminotransferase (AST or GOT)

It is an enzyme that we find mainly in the liver, heart and muscles. It is a good indicator to know the state of the liver, which is done together with ALT, ALP and bilirubin.

  • Normal AST values: 10 to 34 IU/L.

Total bilirubin

It is the pigment in the blood that makes blood plasma or serum yellow. It is an indicator to know the state of the liver, which is done together with AST, ALT and ALP. It is common that when its levels are high, both the skin and the eyes turn yellowish.

    • Normal values ​​of direct or conjugated bilirubin: 0 to 0.3 mg/LD…
    • Normal values ​​of indirect or unconjugated bilirubin: less than 1.0 mg/ml.
    • Normal values ​​of total bilirubin: 0.3 to 1.9 mg/LD…

Cholesterol

It is an essential blood fat for our body, although levels that are too high are related to an increased risk of heart disease or disorders related to the obstruction of blood vessels.

    • Normal cholesterol values: 120 to 220 mg/dl.

 Keratinize

Its concentration depends on the amount of muscle the person has and the ability of the kidneys to excrete it (remove it from the body). For this reason, its increase alerts about the existence of a possible deterioration of the kidneys.

    • Normal keratinizes values: 0.8 to 1.4 mg/LD…

Alkaline phosphatase

We find it above all in body tissues, although especially in bones and liver. It is common for it to increase when the bones grow, but also in case of bone or liver diseases.

  • Normal values ​​of alkaline phosphatase: 20 to 140 IU/L.

Gamma-Glutamil transferase (GGT)

We find it mainly in the liver. For this reason, it is usually increased when a lot of alcohol or drugs are consumed; there is an obstructive disease of the liver or some disease in the hepatic ducts.

  • Normal GGT values: 5-40 U/l in men and 5-30 U/l in women.

Glucose

It is the main source of energy for all living organisms, although its high or low levels can be a sign of the existence of a disease. In this sense, high glucose levels after 12 hours of fasting can indicate diabetes. However, low levels can appear in case of tumors or liver diseases.

    • Normal glucose values: 72 to 110 mg/dl.

Triglycerides

It is a blood fat that is obtained largely from the absorption of dietary fat. It is done along with the cholesterol test.

    • Normal values ​​of triglycerides: 40 to 160 mg/dl in men and 35 to 135 mg/dl in women.

As we can see, there are many values ​​of a blood test that generally appear in the result; although it is also true that there are many more, these are the most common and usual.

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HealthyWire Staff
HealthyWire Staffhttps://healthywire.com/
This blog also features articles on natural living, fitness, healthy children, inspiration, and nutritious food and recipes. HealthyWire assists you in building a naturally healthy, whole-family environment. The site features articles on a variety of topics, including reduction of weight, men’s and women’s health, yoga, healthcare, fitness & exercise, diseases & prevention, healthy living and wellbeing, lifestyle, and much more.

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