Understanding the values of a blood test helps to understand what the results of a laboratory blood test mean, which often tend to cause us doubts. We explain the most basic.
A blood test (also known as a blood test or blood test) is a routine test that helps determine our health status.
It includes a series of useful parameters to discover whether or not we suffer from a certain disease, or if it is even advisable to adopt a series of habits or measures to lower some parameters or prevent their increase.
Although blood tests are routine and important, it is common for many people to collect their results, analyze their data, but do not really know what each parameter is.
Precisely to understand a blood test, it is convenient to have some useful guiding knowledge in this regard.
Understand and comprehend a blood test
This parameter is useful in the diagnosis of gout, a condition that affects more men than women. It usually increases in diets rich in purines, consumption of diuretic drugs or salicylates.
- Normal uric acid values: 3.5 to 7.2 mg/LD.
It is a protein that stores water inside the blood vessels.
- Normal albumin values: 3.4 to 5.4 grams per deciliter (g/ld.).
Aspartate-Aminotransferase (AST or GOT)
It is an enzyme that we find mainly in the liver, heart and muscles. It is a good indicator to know the state of the liver, which is done together with ALT, ALP and bilirubin.
- Normal AST values: 10 to 34 IU/L.
It is the pigment in the blood that makes blood plasma or serum yellow. It is an indicator to know the state of the liver, which is done together with AST, ALT and ALP. It is common that when its levels are high, both the skin and the eyes turn yellowish.
- Normal values of direct or conjugated bilirubin: 0 to 0.3 mg/LD…
- Normal values of indirect or unconjugated bilirubin: less than 1.0 mg/ml.
- Normal values of total bilirubin: 0.3 to 1.9 mg/LD…
It is an essential blood fat for our body, although levels that are too high are related to an increased risk of heart disease or disorders related to the obstruction of blood vessels.
- Normal cholesterol values: 120 to 220 mg/dl.
Its concentration depends on the amount of muscle the person has and the ability of the kidneys to excrete it (remove it from the body). For this reason, its increase alerts about the existence of a possible deterioration of the kidneys.
- Normal keratinizes values: 0.8 to 1.4 mg/LD…
We find it above all in body tissues, although especially in bones and liver. It is common for it to increase when the bones grow, but also in case of bone or liver diseases.
- Normal values of alkaline phosphatase: 20 to 140 IU/L.
Gamma-Glutamil transferase (GGT)
We find it mainly in the liver. For this reason, it is usually increased when a lot of alcohol or drugs are consumed; there is an obstructive disease of the liver or some disease in the hepatic ducts.
- Normal GGT values: 5-40 U/l in men and 5-30 U/l in women.
It is the main source of energy for all living organisms, although its high or low levels can be a sign of the existence of a disease. In this sense, high glucose levels after 12 hours of fasting can indicate diabetes. However, low levels can appear in case of tumors or liver diseases.
- Normal glucose values: 72 to 110 mg/dl.
It is a blood fat that is obtained largely from the absorption of dietary fat. It is done along with the cholesterol test.
- Normal values of triglycerides: 40 to 160 mg/dl in men and 35 to 135 mg/dl in women.
As we can see, there are many values of a blood test that generally appear in the result; although it is also true that there are many more, these are the most common and usual.