Discomfort, swelling, redness and pain are common symptoms caused by the presence of a bunion on the big toe. Find out how to calm them down easily.
If there is a tremendously common foot condition that affects many people today, bunions are probably one of the most normal and common. Its causes? In reality, they are more varied than you think, and although genetics influences their appearance (for example, due to a defect in the mechanical structure of the foot), our habits are also decisive.
The most common? The inappropriate use of footwear, which tends to press the fingers inside the shoe, limiting the normal movement of the fingers. In this sense, there are two types of footwear that commonly influence the formation of bothersome bunions: on the one hand, high-heeled shoes, and on the other, both flip-flops and sandals. That is why it is very common in women.
Habits or our profession also have an influence, especially those that involve excessive effort on the foot.
But obviously we should not forget about genetics either, since bunions also appear in several members of the same family. Of course, we should not be confused: what is inherited is not the bunion itself, but the type of foot that influences the existence of deformities in the joint or bone.
What are the symptoms of bunion?
When the bunion appears little by little we begin to feel its annoying signs or symptoms. On the one hand, we find the obvious lump that develops at the outer base of the big toe, which easily helps its diagnosis.
On the other hand, it is common for this lump to become inflamed and red, and also cause annoying and uncomfortable pain, which tends to worsen with movement or simply after standing for a long time.
Over time, localized osteoarthritis arises in the joint as a result of the incorrect position of the bone, which in turn is the main culprit of the pain.
Useful tips to relieve pain caused by a bunion
There are some tips that help prevent the appearance of a bunion. The most obvious is to always use suitable footwear, which supports the foot well but allows optimal movement of the fingers. In this sense, if you wear high-heeled shoes, sandals or flip-flops, it is best not to wear them for a long time, or excessively.
It is also possible to relieve the pain caused by the bunion. The most useful are the following:
- Proper footwear: it is not only useful for its prevention, it is also very useful to calm and relieve the pain caused by the bunion. On this occasion, the recommendation is to completely avoid shoes that squeeze the toes at the tip, using only shoes with a wide tip. High heels, sandals and flip flops are also not advisable for a long time.
- Ice: the application of ice directly on the bunion 2 or 3 times a day is useful to reduce inflammation, and therefore to reduce pain.
- Use protectors and spacers: in pharmacies you can find bunion protectors (such as foam rubber pads) that are placed around the bulge of the bone and help prevent friction and greater pressure. There are also spacers that help separate the fingers from each other, keeping the finger in the proper position.
Two simple exercises to relieve bunion pain
In addition to the 3 basic tips indicated above, there are also two equally simple tricks that are very useful. In the first case, it consists of a corrective massage of the bunion that helps to improve the deformity of the toe, relaxing the muscle. It basically consists of applying pressure and sliding both thumbs of the hand from the top of the foot towards the toes, making up to 10 deep pressures.
In the second case, it consists of maintaining an adequate posture, for this it is necessary to support the foot correctly on a flat surface and then take the big toe and separate it from the rest of the fingers, taking it outwards as long as possible.