Stomach virus prevention is easy if you know how. A good way to prevent the spread of this virus is to follow a series of basic guidelines and tips. We discover them for you.
Also popularly known by the name of stomach virus, when summer approaches and especially when we are already in this season, it is very common for cases to increase alarmingly. Why? Mainly because heat has a very negative impact on the quality of some foods, which causes decomposition and the appearance of certain elements that contaminate it. Although it is true that it’s most correct medical name is viral gastroenteritis.
Among the viruses that usually cause the appearance of the characteristic symptoms of the stomach or stomach virus, we can basically mention four: rotavirus, nor virus, astrovirus, and enteric adenovirus. However, we must bear in mind that rotavirus tends to affect children above all (causing severe gastroenteritis in the youngest), and in turn affects adults exposed to children with the virus. Therefore, the people most at risk of severe gastroenteritis are young children, people with a weakened immune system, and the elderly.
These viruses usually affect one person or a group of people who have eaten the same food or drunk the same contaminated water. That is, these microorganisms can enter the person’s body either directly through spoiled food or contaminated water, or through objects of common and habitual use such as plates, knives, forks, spoons and other eating utensils. On the other hand, transmission from one sick person to another is also possible.
Symptoms usually appear within 4 to 48 hours after being in contact with the virus, and among the most common we can name: diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms may also occur, such as chills, sweating, fever, clammy skin, and muscle pain.
Useful tips to prevent the spread of stomach viruses easily
Wash your hands properly and often
We must bear in mind that the majority of viruses that are transmitted from one person to another, as is the case of gastroenteritis, are caused above all by not washing your hands, or not doing it properly and correctly.
If you have doubts, you can find out how to wash your hands correctly, but in general it is simple and very easy: first wash your hands with hot water, use soap and rub your hands with it for 20 seconds, rinse your hands less and finally dry them well with the help of a dry towel or cloth. It is very important that you wash your hands frequently, especially before eating and cooking, after coming in from the street or after going to the bathroom.
Be careful with food
It is very important to maintain proper hygiene when handling and preparing food before consumption. Thus, for example, it is vitally important to separate raw food from cooked food, fully cook food and always keep it at safe temperatures. Also always use water and safe raw ingredients.
Be especially careful with sauces such as mayonnaise, which also during the summer months often cause problems such as salmonellosis. On the other hand, extreme consumption of raw fish and shellfish.
On certain foods, keep them well refrigerated, avoiding those that have been more than 24 hours at room temperature. Likewise, it is appropriate not to consume those foods that we do not know both their origin and the time they have been prepared.
When it comes to drinking water, always try to consume bottled water, especially if we do not know or do not know where it comes from.