How to make handmade soap at home? Discover the ingredients, utensils and steps necessary to make homemade soap.
Many historians believe that soap was invented approximately three thousand years ago. Already in Mesopotamia, Sumerian clay tablets were found that mentioned the mixture that was obtained after boiling oils with resins, potassium and salt. It is known that the Phoenicians made it with caustic soda and olive oil. In fact, they obtained it from the ashes of the combustion of halophytic plants.
While the Egyptians obtained a mixed product of natron (mineral soda ash extracted from salt lakes after water evaporation), soaked lupines and fuller’s earth.
Since then, and to this day, despite the fact that the soap industry has made this product essential for our hygiene and has caused us to almost forget about the natural soap production process, the reality is that more and more people are encouraged to make handmade soap at home.
How to make handmade soap at home:
To make soap you mainly need caustic soda, olive (or almond) oil and water.
The truth is that it is a very good option to recycle the oil that we use every day in the kitchen, so that we reuse it and its use will save us a good amount of money.
Of course, when making soap at home it is necessary to take extreme precautions: the place where you go to work must be ventilated, you must protect your hands with gloves and also wear protective glasses for your eyes. It is not advisable to use metal containers, only plastic buckets and silicone or plastic moulds.
Ingredients needed to make homemade soap
- 1 liter of used olive oil
- 200 grams’ caustic soda
- 1 liter of water
- 2 tablespoons of salt
- Essential oil (the one you like the most)
Steps to make homemade soap
- Put the water in the container. If you want to add any spice or plant infusion, this is the most appropriate time.
- Dilute the caustic soda in the water.
- Add the two tablespoons of salt.
- Mix it all well.
- Since it will be hot from the caustic soda reaction, let it cool.
- When cool, add the olive oil. With the help of a wooden spoon, stir well in the same direction.
- Put the container on the fire, until it boils.
- Finally, go to the molds and let cool until they harden and you can unmold them.