Health and MedicineDiseasesHow is Ebola Transmitted?

How is Ebola Transmitted?

Ebola is transmitted primarily through direct and indirect contact. Discover the ways of transmission of Ebola to avoid its contagion easily.

Ebola is an acute viral infectious disease, which is characterized especially by its extremely high lethality (which can reach 90%), by not having a preventive vaccine that helps to prevent contagion, and by having no cure. In other words, the medical treatments that exist to date are palliative, and seek to maintain the life of the patient until his immune system is able to fight the virus on its own and create enough antibodies to do so.

Regarding how Ebola is spread, we must bear in mind that contagion occurs through direct contact with the infected person and that they show symptoms of the disease (with their blood, with their body fluids or with other related fluids), or by indirect contact with some of the objects that it has previously used (dirty bedding, clothing or used needles).

How is Ebola transmitted?

Contrary to what many people think completely wrongly, the Ebola virus is not transmitted through water or through the air.

According to medical specialists, so far it is only transmitted from person to person through direct contact with any body fluid of the infected patient, or the infected animal (we must not forget that contagion can also occur from animals to people, although these are not affected).

Although it is not so easy for one person to transmit the Ebola virus to another, since direct contact with it is required, and because it is not transmitted through the air, very few particles of the virus are necessary to cause the disease.

Is there a possibility of it being transmitted through the air?

As many epidemiologists and medical specialists state, although at the moment the contagion only occurs from direct contact with the infected person, there would be some possibility that in the future it could be transmitted through the air, or that it is a virus that it constantly mutates, adapting to ensure its survival and proliferation.

This means that the virus may be able to change its fatality rate in humans, the time it takes to cause disease, its mode of transmission, and its susceptibility to drugs.

How Ebola Is Spread According to WHO

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) itself, there are a number of ways in which the spread of Ebola is possible. They are basically the following:

  1. Through direct contact with the body fluids of the person who is already infected. This is the case of blood, saliva, sweat, feces and vomit. In addition, it can also be transmitted through breast milk or semen.
  2. Wear contaminated clothing and bedding.
  3. Having unprotected sex with an infected person.
  4. Use medical equipment contaminated with the virus, or use needles not previously sterilized.
  5. Ingestion of meat from animals infected with the virus.
  6. Contact with infected animals, mainly bats or monkeys.

In summary…

  • The Ebola virus is not transmitted through the air, or through water.
  • The Ebola virus is transmitted by direct contact with the infected person (through their body fluids or through objects that they have used and that contain them).
  • So far, medical specialists consider that the Ebola virus is only transmitted when the person already has symptoms of the disease.

Therefore, before the appearance of some of the related symptoms (such as muscle aches and severe weakness, fever, sore throat and headache, vomiting, diarrhea and skin rashes), and if there is the slightest doubt, you should quickly go to the doctor.


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