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High potassium: symptoms, causes, why it goes up and how to lower it

Do you have high potassium? Find out what symptoms it produces, how you can lower high potassium easily and effectively, why it rises, what are its causes and also its main consequences.

It is true that on many occasions it is more common to know the health consequences of having high levels of transaminases, keratinize, bilirubin or uric acid, precisely because all these parameters are included routinely – and basically – in the blood tests that we tend to perform each year.

However, there are also other parameters of nutrients and other compounds in our body that’s low or high levels can also cause different health problems.

This is the case of potassium, a mineral essential for the proper functioning of our body, but on those occasions when it is high it can be very dangerous to health.

What is potassium?

It is one of the minerals that appear in greater quantity in the body, which has always been associated with sodium.

It is more specifically a macro mineral, which tends to maintain normal pressure both inside and outside the cells, intervenes in the functioning of the nervous system and the locomotors system, reduces the effects of excess sodium, participates in the relaxation and contraction mechanism of the muscles, and regulates the water balance, among others.

Why does potassium increase? Its main causes

First of all, we must bear in mind that the kidneys are responsible for eliminating excess potassium, and they do so through urine. Therefore, it is common for potassium levels to increase when the kidneys do not function well, so that they tend not to be able to eliminate the adequate amount of this important element so that, among other functions, the cells can function properly. Adequate.

And what are the conditions, habits or diseases that can influence this accumulation of potassium in the blood?

  • Burns: Especially when they are located on large areas of the body.
  • Some drugs: Especially certain drugs used to lower high blood pressure, especially angiotensin receptor blockers and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors.
  • Addison’s disease: This is a disease in which the adrenal glands are not able to produce enough hormones.
  • Hemolytic anemia: This is a condition in which red blood cells are destroyed earlier than normal.
  • Bleeding: Especially if that bleeding is intense, especially in the stomach and intestines.

Symptoms of high potassium

Did you know that elevated potassium levels don’t actually tend to cause symptoms most of the time? However, if they appear, the most common tend to be the following:

  • Sickness.
  • Headache.
  • Weak or irregular pulse.
  • Fainting.

Consequences of high potassium

When potassium is high, hyperkalemia appears which its origin in an imbalance of this mineral has caused by the inability of our kidneys to eliminate excess salts in the blood, or as a consequence of the increase in potassium intake through diet.

Although it is a fundamental mineral for our body, the truth is that high potassium levels can affect our heart system, since an excess of potassium can increase the risk not only of hypertension, but of causing cardiac arrhythmias.

This means that the possibility of the person suffering from cerebrovascular accidents or a myocardial infarction increases.

How to reduce high potassium?

When it comes to lowering high potassium, it is essential to see our doctor to tell us which foods and food groups we should avoid in our diet, until potassium levels stabilize.

Foods to avoid with high potassium

  • Vegetables and greens: celery, pumpkin, zucchini, thistles, eggplant, broccoli, cauliflower and beets.
  • Fruits: bananas, bananas, apricot, plum, cherry, avocado, peach, and grapes.
  • Legumes: green beans.
  • Seeds and cereals: wheat germ and soybeans.
  • Nuts: walnuts.

How to avoid high potassium levels?

It is essential to follow a diet as varied and balanced as possible, without ever exceeding the consumption of any food or food groups. In addition, increasing your fluid intake is essential for good kidney function.

In case the high potassium levels are due to the diet, purifying the kidneys will help to stimulate them to favor the elimination of mineral salts.

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HealthyWire Staff
HealthyWire Staffhttps://healthywire.com/
This blog also features articles on natural living, fitness, healthy children, inspiration, and nutritious food and recipes. HealthyWire assists you in building a naturally healthy, whole-family environment. The site features articles on a variety of topics, including reduction of weight, men’s and women’s health, yoga, healthcare, fitness & exercise, diseases & prevention, healthy living and wellbeing, lifestyle, and much more.

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