Glutamine: what it is, functions, rich foods, consequences of its deficiency and contraindications of glutamine, a non-essential amino acid that we find in large concentrations in our body.
The amino acids are some essential nutrients essential for our body, consisting of organic compounds that our body synthesizes or get them from food in order to build new proteins. Precisely in this sense, and depending on whether our body is capable of synthesizing them by itself, they can be called non-essential amino acids or essential amino acids.
And how are essential amino acids different from non-essential ones? Very simple: essential amino acids are those that our body is not able to synthesize, so that the only way to provide them is from the diet. While non-essential amino acids can be synthesized by our body.
The Glutamine is a nonessential amino acid found in large quantities both blood level and muscular level.
What is glutamine?
As we briefly indicated in the previous line, glutamine is a non-essential amino acid that our body can synthesize. Hence, we find it especially in high concentrations both at the muscular level and at the blood level. In addition, we can also find it in the regeneration of the different intestinal mucous membranes.
Therefore, we are in one of the most abundant amino acids in the muscles.
- It is part of the muscles and the blood.
- Helps build and maintain muscle tissue.
- Participates in the regeneration of intestinal mucosa.
- Prevents muscle wasting.
- Increases mental activity and promotes proper brain function.
- Maintains the acid alkaline balance in the body.
Health benefits of glutamine
Glutamine is a non-essential amino acid essential for blood and muscles, hence we find it in high concentrations in these two elements in our body. In fact, it is helpful in preventing muscle wasting, while helping to build and maintain muscle tissue.
It is especially useful for students as it helps increase both mental activity and brain function.
Since it participates in the regeneration of intestinal mucosa, it is an amino acid that helps maintain a healthy digestive system, reducing in turn the healing time of ulcers.
Where to find glutamine?
Here are the foods richest in glutamine:
- Food of animal origin: fish (sushi and salmon), meat, milk and dairy products, and eggs.
- Plant-based foods: vegetables, dried legumes and whole grains.