It is common to confuse foot fungus with calluses, especially since sometimes their symptoms tend to be similar. Therefore, knowing their main differences will help you take the appropriate measures.
Both fungi and calluses are conditions that occur on the feet and can be painful and very uncomfortable. And there are many people who, in fact, can confuse them since their symptoms -sometimes- tend to be similar.
For this reason, knowing and discovering the symptoms that fungi produce, and then calluses, is very useful to know how to differentiate them.
On the one hand, foot fungus is usually an infection that develops from the growth of microorganisms on the skin. We find them on the fingers, nails and soles of the feet. Its main symptoms are cracks, hardness, itching, burning, bad smell, swelling, etc.
When we talk about fungi, they usually occur in hot weather, because the foot sweats, but they can also appear throughout the year. Among the most frequent fungi we find athlete’s foot and onychomycosis, better known as nail fungus.
A large part of the fungi, which are contagious, are usually caught because they live in public places with high humidity or heat (gyms, public swimming pools, public showers, etc.).
Normally, nails that are affected by fungus change color from yellow to brown as the days go by. In addition, the nails have a pitted and worn appearance due to the fungus that lives under the nails.
Now, when talking about athlete’s foot, mushrooms are usually produced by footwear and sweating.
In this case, we refer to the fungi that are located on the fingers or on the soles of the feet.
Normally they tend to chop and scoop, the area remains red and inflamed. The skin becomes dry and bleeding occurs, and blisters can occur.
Any of the above symptoms are important for one to see a doctor so that he or she can recommend the appropriate treatment. It is usually a great nuisance, and the sooner it is treated, the better, since the fungi could spread to other parts of the body.
Normally the treatment is established with powders and creams, pills or syrups can also be given. The doctor will determine which treatment is best. Nail fungus treatment usually lasts two to three months. Although medications can remove the fungus, it is not uncommon for them to return.
Calluses on feet
Calluses are calluses that arise on the feet, being quite common. They are not serious, but if they are not treated in time, then they can have consequences. They usually come out for different reasons, such as continuous friction or pressure from the shoe and sweat.
The callus is usually yellowish in color and forms a layer of thick skin that hardens. They are round or conical and are located in the upper part of the fingers. They can cause discomfort, and be somewhat uncomfortable when walking. It is always better to go to the doctor or podiatrist because if they are not treated, wounds or fissures can appear.
Causes of the appearance of calluses on the feet
It has various causes. As we have pointed out, one of them can be caused by contact or chafing with shoes. While another cause is due to sweat and also due to poor posture and deformation of the bones of the feet.
Prevention of calluses and fungus
To prevent or avoid calluses from forming, it is best to wear the right shoes. Many times we do not do it and we do not know the consequences it can have for the feet. We can massage the feet and soak them to avoid sweat and use antiperspirants, as well as suitable socks.
While the prevention of fungi involves always maintaining adequate foot hygiene to prevent them from coming out, although this does not prevent one from being infected in public places.
Another way to be fungus-free is to wear flip-flops in public showers and change socks that are worn frequently. It is also important to wear shoes that are made from natural materials, especially in hot weather.
Both conditions occur in the feet, and can have consequences if not treated in time. Although fungi are usually more serious problems than calluses, they must also be treated and avoided with good prevention.