Health and MedicineDiseasesExcessive or heavy menstrual bleeding

Excessive or heavy menstrual bleeding

Heavy or excessive menstrual bleeding is known as menorrhagia. Discover its symptoms, causes, the medical treatments that are followed and some tips to relieve excessive menstrual bleeding.

Menstruation (also known as period or rule) is the bleeding that women have when the egg is not fertilized, which was expelled from the ovary to be fertilized. It occurs as part of a woman’s menstrual cycle, and we can think of it as normal vaginal bleeding.

When we talk about the existence of excessive menstrual bleeding, or heavy menstrual bleeding from a medical point of view, this condition is known by the name of menorrhagia.

What is menorrhagia?

Menorrhagia is known as excessive menstrual bleeding. That is, when menstruation tends to be longer and also abundant. Menorrhagia exists when menstrual bleeding is excessive, or when menstrual bleeding lasts more than 7 days.

Causes of excessive menstrual bleeding

There are several causes that can cause excessive menstrual bleeding, from hormone-related problems to problems related to the uterus or womb. In this case, it may be due to the growth of uterine fibroids or polyps, cancer of the cervix or uterus.

It can also be due to problems related to pregnancy. For example, an ectopic pregnancy (when the baby begins to grow outside the womb) or a miscarriage (when the baby dies in the womb), can cause abnormal bleeding.

On the other hand, certain diseases or disorders may also have a certain relationship, such as: consumption of medications (such as aspirin), pelvic inflammatory disease, liver, kidney or thyroid diseases, or platelet function disorders.

Symptoms of excessive menstrual bleeding

You may have excessive menstrual bleeding if any of the following symptoms exist:

  • Menstrual period that lasts more than 7 days.
  • Menstrual flow with large blood clots, or abundant that prevents you from leading a normal life. Also if you need one or more tampons every hour, for several hours.
  • Constant pain in the lower part of the stomach.

We can also mention other related symptoms such as feeling tired, short of breath and lack of energy.

Treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding

Depending on the causes that cause the presence of heavy menstrual bleeding, the medical treatment of menorrhagia will be different. On the other hand, other conditions and factors are also taken into account, such as general health, medical history and age.

Basically we can find two broad groups of medical treatments:

  • Pharmacological treatment: such as birth control pills, intrauterine contraceptives (IUDs), hormonal therapies, antifibrinolytic drugs (which help reduce the amount of bleeding), or ibuprofen (to relieve pain).
  • Surgical treatment: such as curettage, surgical hysteroscopy, endometrial ablation or resection, and hysterectomy.

How to relieve excessive menstrual bleeding:

From a natural point of view it is possible to relieve and treat excessive menstrual bleeding, as long as there is no serious medical disorder or disease that causes it:

  • Infusion for heavy menstruation: you can make an infusion with 30 grams of marigold flowers and 10 grams of sage flowers. It is recommended to take this infusion 2 times a day, 7 days a month for a maximum of 3 months in a row.
  • Soothing fluid extract: in a bowl mix 35 ml. of fluid extract of marigold and 20 ml of fluid extract of sage. Pour 45 drops of this mixture into water and take it 2 times a day.

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