Health and MedicineDiseasesDrop in blood sugar

Drop in blood sugar

The drop in blood sugar occurs when sugar falls below 70 mg/dl. Know its symptoms, causes and how to prevent it from occurring.

Although it is usually a problem that mainly affects people with diabetes, the truth is that hypoglycemia (that is, when blood sugar levels are lower than normal) can affect anyone and at any time.

Not surprisingly, when it comes to normal glucose valuesblood sugar levels are considered low when they are below 70 mg/dl.

There are two types of hypoglycemia, which can actually appear or occur in people without diabetes:

  • Fasting hypoglycemia: which occurs when you have been without eating for a long period of time, especially because you have not eaten breakfast?
  • Reactive hypoglycemia: Your symptoms occur 1 to 3 hours after you have eaten.

Causes of low blood sugar

Bearing in mind that low blood sugar (or hypoglycemia, as this condition is known medically) occurs when sugar is used up too quickly in the body, when it is released into the bloodstream too slowly, or when it is releases a lot of insulin into the bloodstream, it is essential to keep in mind what its most common causes are.

However, we must differentiate between the common causes that cause hypoglycemia in people with diabetes and in people without diabetes.

Causes of low blood sugar in diabetic people:

  • Skipping meals or not eating enough during meals.
  • Taking insulin or diabetes medicine at the wrong time.
  • Taking too much insulin or diabetes medicine by mistake.
  • Do more physical exercise, or at a different time than usual.
  • Drink alcoholic beverages.

Causes of low blood sugar in non-diabetics:

  • Insulinoma: A tumor in the pancreas that causes excessive production of insulin.
  • Disease in the liver.
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Symptoms of low blood sugar

  • Headache.
  • Feeling nervous, irritable, or acting aggressively.
  • Double or blurred vision.
  • Hungry.
  • Tremors or shaking.
  • Sweating
  • Strong or fast heartbeat.
  • Tingling (or numbness of the skin).
  • Fatigue.
  • Fainting.
  • Seizures
  • Confused thinking

How to avoid sugar crash:

  • Do not skip meals: remember that it is essential to distribute the meals in a total of 5 meals. In fact, it is essential to have breakfast and have a small mid-morning lunch, as well as a small snack in the afternoon.
  • Avoid going more than 3 hours without eating: it is not advisable to go more than 3 hours without having eaten anything. Hence, the best way to keep blood sugar levels stable is to eat at least every 3 hours.
  • Practice physical exercise: there are many benefits that physical exercise brings us.  Not only is it essential for good health, but it can help prevent diabetes while helping to improve blood sugar control while lowering insulin resistance.
  • Reduce the consumption of foods rich in sugar: foods rich in simple carbohydrates  stand out, such as pastries, sweets and soft drinks. As you know, these products tend to spike blood sugar levels, then crash.

 

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