Health and MedicineHealthy tipsDiet to follow after removal of the gallbladder

Diet to follow after removal of the gallbladder

What diet to follow after gallbladder removal? Find out what diet you should continue knowing the most suitable foods and the least recommended.

The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped organ located under the liver. Generally it does not usually cause problems unless it does not work correctly or when stones are formed (known medically and popularly by the name of gallstones) and one of them obstructs the bile duct, which can cause very painful colic and in More serious conditions cause  pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas).

Given these conditions, the most appropriate thing is to perform a gallbladder removal, a routine and very common operation, which is characterized above all by being extremely simple, especially if it is performed by laparoscopy, which stands out as the surgery of choice in most of cases because it is minimally invasive, hardly causes any discomfort to the patient and because in just 1 or 2 days they can go home (even on the same day).

Of course, if we take into account the functions carried out by the gallbladder, among which the storage of bile stands out for the proper absorption of fats, helping in turn in the digestion process, it is evident that after a removal gallbladder it is convenient to follow a proper diet. In general, the diet to be followed should be a type of low-fat diet, especially during the first weeks after the operation. In this sense, there are doctors who advise a soft diet, and those who advise a normal but low-fat diet, in which certain foods should be avoided.

What is the diet to follow after gallbladder removal and what does it consist of?

Once the gallbladder is removed, those symptoms that arose when a certain food or dish rich in fat was eaten usually disappear. However, diarrhea can appear which usually disappears little by little by adopting a soft diet.

Therefore, the diet to follow basically consists of opting for a diet with few fats or oils, it being advisable to opt for steam cooking, papillae or boiled foods in order to reduce the presence of oil in the preparation of food. .

It is appropriate to maintain a diet rich in vegetables, fruits and vegetables, which are very rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals. The presence of fiber in the diet is even more important after removal of the gallbladder, since it forms a ‘network’ capable of capturing bile and helping to better eliminate it, which in turn improves the condition of the digestive wall which is usually easily irritated as a result of the presence of bile. In addition, choosing a high-fiber diet helps treat diarrhea by making stools firmer. In this sense, foods such as brown rice and whole wheat bread, as well as whole grains, also stand out.

What foods are the most suitable:

In addition to following a low-fat diet, there are certain foods that are especially suitable after gallbladder removal. They are the following:

  • Probiotic foods: they provide healthy bacteria that protect the intestinal wall. The bifid us-type skimmed yogurt and miso stand out.
  • Vegetables and fruits rich in beta-carotene: carrots are one of the vegetables with the highest content of beta-carotene, which protect the digestive membranes against the irritating action of bile. You can choose to consume it raw, pureed or in cooked cream, or blended into a delicious juice. Peaches, pumpkins and mango also stand out.
  • Fiber-rich foods: such as sesame, flaxseed and chia seeds. Fiber is essential in a diet after gallbladder removal because it captures bile juices as they pass through the intestine.
  • Brown rice and bread: both brown rice and whole wheat bread are very rich in fiber, helping to better eliminate bile.
  • Artichoke: it is one of the best known foods in the care of the liver, by improving its functioning thanks to the presence of cyanine.
  • White or lean meats: they are meats that stand out for not being very fatty. Particularly noteworthy is chicken, turkey and rabbit meat. However, it is also advisable to remove all the visible fat present in them.
  • White fish: such as hake, monkfish or sea bass.
  • Vegetable drinks: it is advisable to opt for vegetable drinks such as oatmeal, rice or almonds.
  • Skimmed dairy products: they are more suitable due to their low fat content.

What foods should we avoid after gallbladder removal?

Just as there are recommended foods during a diet after gallbladder removal, we must also mention those foods that should be eliminated from the diet:

  • Foods high in fat and cholesterol: fried and battered foods should be avoided, as well as fried nuts, salty snacks and appetizers, sausages, chocolate and fatty cheeses.
  • Red meat: due to its high content of fat, cholesterol and purines.
  • Whole milk: due to its high fat content, not only whole milk should be avoided, but also semi-skimmed milk. In particular, whole milk, whole yogurt (especially the Greek type) and fatty cheeses.
  • Blue fish: like salmon, being very rich in fat.
  • Coffee: should be avoided or consumed in moderation as it produces bile discharge, especially when fasting.
  • Other foods: Fasting citrus fruits (for example, lemon, grapefruit, or orange juice), spinach, coffee, and fasting olive oil should be avoided.
  • Alcoholic beverages: as they can cause liver problems.

Useful and appropriate tips to follow

On the other hand, it is very important to avoid copious and excessive meals, so as not to overload our stomach and especially the liver. At this point, it is advisable to have 4 or 5 meals a day that are also light.

When preparing food, it should be steamed, baked or baked, avoiding frying and the use of oils for its preparation.

It is also very useful to maintain adequate hydration, opting for quality mineral waters, natural fruit juices blended at home and infusions for the liver, which help it, perform its functions better.

In general, this diet should be maintained for at least 15 days – 1 month, and then follow a normal low-fat diet.

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