Hemorrhoids are dilations of the veins of the different venous plexuses of the mucosa of both the rectum and the anus.
Mainly for this particular issue, one can differentiate between internal hemorrhoids (those in which those of the upper plexus are affected), or external hemorrhoids (which are those that are located below the anorectic junction and tend to be covered by outer skin).
In men, hemorrhoids tend to be much more common than in women, since the drainage system lacks valves, and therefore its erect position increases the pressure inside the hemorrhoid veins, predisposing to hemorrhoid disease.
Main causes of hemorrhoids
Among some of the causes of hemorrhoids, or that mostly predispose to suffer from them, we distinguish different hereditary factors, the appearance of constipation, diarrhea, pregnancy, or sitting or standing for a long time.
If, for example, there is often a family history of hemorrhoids, it is a factor that acts as a background or hereditary predisposition to suffer from them.
However, pregnancy is the most common cause of hemorrhoids in young women. In these cases, it is believed that it may be due to the increased pressure exerted on the iliac veins by the uterus, which is increasing in size.
This causes a rise in venous pressure within the middle and inferior hemorrhoid veins, which drain blood into the internal iliac veins. Of course, we must indicate that, after pregnancy, hemorrhoids tend to disappear.
To cure hemorrhoids, it is necessary to adopt a series of general measures that, in one way or another, help not only to prevent their dreaded appearance, but also to eliminate them.
Good and correct anal hygiene should be adopted, avoiding scratching the hemorrhoids to prevent infections, while constipation should be corrected with foods rich in fiber, or if necessary correct diarrhea.
There is no greater harm that can be done to the anus than straining to defecate, while highly seasoned foods and alcohol consumption should be avoided.