Do you know what the main nail problems are? We reveal their most common conditions and diseases and what to do to easily protect them.
Throughout our lives it is possible that at some point we may suffer from some other nail condition. Nails are hard skin that protect the tissues of the fingers and are made up of keratin, a hard, fibrous protein that forms layers in the nail.
Due to the place where the nails are located, they are exposed to suffer some other aggression and as a consequence, instead of their normal state, they appear with alterations. Alterations such as color change to breakage, changes in texture as well as detachment.
However, healthy nails have a uniform, transparent or pink color and their texture is smooth. Alterations in the nails can become annoying as well as unsightly. These alterations are onychomycosis (fungal infection), onychocryptosis (ingrown toenail), psoriasis (scaling of the surface).
The main nail problems
Onychomycosis is a fungal infection. It is one of the most common or frequent disorders and affects especially people with diabetes, athletes. It usually appears on the toenails, more specifically on one nail, although it can spread to the others.
The symptoms that the nails present are: the change of color, the nails turn yellowish or white and changes in their texture also appear, they become hard, rough and sometimes they can separate from the skin to the point of falling off.
To improve these symptoms and as long as they do not get worse, it is usually started using topical products such as nail polish, creams, antifungal powders.
When it comes to more serious cases, you have to go to the doctor to prescribe the appropriate treatment, which is usually by oral intake based on “antifungals”.
Prevention is usually the best remedy so that this nail problem does not appear, such as drying your feet well after showering, wearing comfortable shoes that do not squeeze your feet as it will put pressure on your nails and they will be bruised, and socks. we use should be cotton.
Onychocryptosis (ingrown toenails)
This nail problem is usually hereditary and affects the young population. The symptoms that this condition presents are quite annoying since the nail tends to bury itself in one side of the finger (ingrown nail) producing inflammation, redness, intense pain, and pus may even appear.
Given these symptoms, it is best to go to the podiatrist to remove the side of the nail that has been buried or ingrown and thus prevent the infection from being more serious.
There are times when onychocryptosis becomes more serious and in these cases it is necessary to resort to surgery.
To prevent onychocryptosis we can follow a series of tips such as the ones we provide below:
- Cut the nails squarely, avoiding rounding the lateral areas of the nails.
- Wear comfortable shoes, wide enough especially in the front area so that the fingers are loose and there is no pressure on the nails.
Although psoriasis may be familiar to us as a skin condition, it can also appear on the nails.
This problem usually appears with a greater tendency in people who suffer from psoriasis on the skin and is of genetic origin.
Psoriasis in the nails presents symptoms such as salmon or yellowish spots, rough texture, the nail becomes thick, and they often fall off.
Psoriasis can appear on both the fingernails and toenails, although it is more common on the fingernails.
Suspecting these symptoms, it is necessary to go to the specialist doctor so that he can prescribe and guide the treatment.
The treatments are usually based on creams or lotions with corticosteroids, hence the need for a medical prescription.
Tips to take care of our nails
To take care of our nails we must carry out a series of recommendations such as the ones that we provide below:
- Hygiene plays a very important role: when washing our hands or taking a shower, we must dry ourselves very well and carefully, since with humidity fungi or infections can appear.
- Wear wide shoes, especially at the ends, wear cotton socks and change socks frequently.
- Wear rubber socks when we go to the pool, rubber slippers in the gym or public bathroom.
- Protect our hands with gloves when we are going to use cleaning products or gardening.
- We must cut the nails carefully and squarely.
- Do not use metal files.
- We must not bite our nails.
By following these basic tips, you can prevent many common nail problems and conditions, since the first step is to take care of them.