Health and MedicineDiseasesCataracts: causes, symptoms and treatment

Cataracts: causes, symptoms and treatment

Knowing the symptoms of cataracts helps to identify if the blurred vision is caused by the opacity of the lens or not. Discover in turn your medical treatment.

cataract is a more common vision disorder than originally thought, and that usually appears especially in adulthood, since up to the age of 45 the shape of the lens can change.

Precisely due to the passage of time, and as a consequence of certain factors such as diseases or various disorders, the lens can change, so that opacity is produced.

Considering that the lens of the eye is normally transparent and focuses light as it passes through the back of the eye (acting in the same way that a camera lens does), it is common that one of its main symptoms It is a feeling of blurred or cloudy vision.

What are the causes of cataract?

Although one of the main causes of cataracts is aging over the years, there are certain diseases, disorders or factors that can cause their appearance:

  • Age (mainly due to aging).
  • Inflammation or injury to the eye.
  • Family history of cataracts.
  • Diabetes.
  • Surgery for another vision problem.
  • Exaggerated exposure to ultraviolet light.
  • Long-term use of corticosteroids or other medications.

Cataract symptoms

Bearing in mind that it is the ophthalmologist who must diagnose cataracts, it is true that there are certain symptoms that may be an indication of the presence of opacity in the lens of the eye (what is medically called a cataract):

  • Blurry vision.
  • Opaque vision.
  • Flashes, especially at night (but also during the day, especially with sunlight).
  • Not seeing well at night.
  • Double vision in one eye.
  • Vision of multiple images in one eye.
  • Vision of faded colors.

How is a cataract diagnosed?

The diagnosis of a cataract must always be carried out by the ophthalmologist, who will carry it out above all through:

  • A standard eye exam.
  • A slit-lamp exam.

Cataract Treatment

The only treatment for cataracts is surgery with the aim of removing it. But this is done only when this opacity in the lens prevents you from leading a normal life and you cannot perform daily activities (reading, driving).

Therefore, there are tips that can help against cataracts, such as the use of correct glasses, magnifying lenses, better lighting or the use of sunglasses.

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