Health and MedicineHealthy tipsCare after extraction of wisdom teeth or wisdom teeth

Care after extraction of wisdom teeth or wisdom teeth

Discover what are the main cares that you should perform after the extraction of wisdom teeth (also known as wisdom teeth).

Wisdom teeth (also known as wisdom teeth) are the third molar, which tend to appear between the ages of 16 to 25, hence they are called wisdom teeth, because it is the age at which assumes- the person has a more developed self-judgment. Although it is possible that these do not appear or even partially appear or are retained (or included).

There are a total of four wisdom teeth (one for each quadrant of the mouth), and they are located in the last position of the tooth line, just at the bottom of the mouth.

It is usual to recommend the extraction of wisdom teeth when they damage or affect the other teeth as they develop, either because they push them or because they come out crooked or partially. In the event that they are included (that is, they are located under the gum and do not come out), their removal is also recommended, since they can cause not only problems such as dental crowding, but also cysts and different associated health problems.

What to do after wisdom tooth extraction?

Bleeding for a few hours

After a wisdom tooth extraction, it is normal for bleeding to occur, which can last from a short time to a few hours. Usually the medical specialist will place gauze at the extraction site, with the aim of trying to stop the bleeding.

From this moment the clot of vital importance for the correct healing will begin to form.  Therefore, it is very important not to spit or apply pressure so as not to displace the clot, which will cause more bleeding.

In case the bleeding continues, you can put sterile gauze back on, applying it to the area and biting it carefully, with your mouth completely closed for 15 to 30 minutes. You can repeat the action until the bleeding stops; yes, if you continue bleeding after several hours and the bleeding is excessive, it is recommended to go to the doctor to receive the most appropriate assessment.

Take prescribed medications

It is common for your doctor to prescribe medications such as antibiotics and anti-inflammatories. While the former help prevent infection from occurring (since the mouth is a common environment for bacteria), the latter help reduce pain and mitigate it for the duration of its action:

  • Antibiotic medications: It is common to recommend 1 capsule every 12 hours for 6 days.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications: 1 tablet every 8 hours for 3 days is recommended (if the doctor so indicates, if there is no pain, stops taking them).
  • Sprays or rinses with chlorhexidine: chlorhexidine is an antiseptic substance with bactericidal and fungicidal action. Since the rinses can remove the clot in the first hours, a spray with this substance can be prescribed, to be applied to the wound 4 to 5 times a day, for 7 days.

It is normal for the pain to last 2 to 3 days, but if it lasts longer, it is advisable to notify the surgeon or dentist.

Use of ice packs or ice packs

For the first two hours, placing ice packs or some ice rolled up with a cloth on the side of your extraction face will help reduce swelling.

It is advisable to apply this local cold for 5 minutes, resting for 15 minutes, and then apply the compress for another 5 minutes and resting for another 15 minutes, and so on for 2 hours.

The presence of bruising and/or swelling is normal

During the first 48 to 72 hours, swelling at the extraction site or a bruise is normal.

To reduce it, the ice packs that we indicated in the previous section will help you a lot.

What can I eat?

During the first 2 hours after the extraction it is not recommended to take any food.

Then you can take liquid and/or soft foods for the first 2 days. In addition, it is essential to avoid hot foods or drinks, which can cause increased bleeding, and hard or sticky foods.

When you start to opt for soft foods, it is essential that you chew on the side where the extraction has not been carried out, to avoid removing the clot when eating.

Simple exercises

It is normal that during the first days it is difficult for you to open your mouth normally.  Various gentle exercises, such as slowly and carefully opening and closing your mouth, can help restore normal movement and function.

Be careful with rinsing and brushing

Vigorous rinsing is not recommended until at least 2 days have elapsed, when coagulation tends to be complete.

However, you should brush your mouth normally, but avoid touching the extraction site with the brush.

Do you smoke? Avoid cigarette

Both cigarette smoke and the action of inhaling smoke can cause the clot to be removed, affecting normal healing. Therefore, in case you smoke, it is recommended not to do so for at least 1 week.



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