Health and MedicineHealthy tipsCan a person with diabetes exercise? Incredible benefits

Can a person with diabetes exercise? Incredible benefits

Physical exercise and regular sports are essential for proper diabetes control. Discover its benefits and why it is so important.

The diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs or occurs when the pancreas is unable to synthesize the amount of insulin your body needs, not used effectively or simply made from a lower quality than accurate.

And what is insulin? As you probably know, insulin consists of a hormone produced by the pancreas, whose main function -among other important functions- is to maintain adequate glucose values ​​in the blood, allowing it to enter our body and be transported inside. Cells, where it is precisely transformed into energy so that both tissues and muscles function properly.

When there is diabetes, it means that there is an excess of glucose in the blood, which is medically known as hyperglycemia. Following adequate medical treatment and healthy lifestyles are essential to control glucose, since those patients who do not do so with high glucose gradually damage the tissues of the body, and cause serious complications over time.

The importance of physical exercise when you have diabetes

Precisely physical exercise becomes one of the adequate and fundamental forms of treatment of diabetes mellitus, fulfilling several objectives: it is not only useful to control glycaemia (and therefore glucose or blood sugar values), but also It is essential to avoid the appearance of complications derived from poor glucose control, lose weight if necessary and maintain weight, and enjoy a better quality of life.

However, it is essential that physical activity is practiced daily, since although physical exercise can momentarily increase insulin sensitivity in specific cases, this does not imply that diabetes control is carried out automatically. Therefore, regularity is essential.

What to do if you have type 1 diabetes mellitus?

It is also known as insulin dependent diabetes. In these cases it is necessary to maintain a certain series of basic rules, which should always be taken into account before starting sports:

  1. Inject insulin into muscle groups that do not participate actively or are not mobilized during physical activity.
  2. Administer an extra amount of carbohydrates before or during physical exercise. Or, reduce the insulin dose.
  3. Avoid sports when it is very hot or cold.
  4. It is not advisable to carry out physical exercise in periods of metabolic lack of control.

On the other hand, it is vitally important to plan physical exercise, so that we will always do it regularly and at the same time of day, adapting it to the timing of meals and the times of action of the insulin itself. And what is the best time of day to practice it? Preferably during the early hours of the morning.

What are the benefits of physical exercise in diabetes?

Although its benefits are obviously the same in a person with or without diabetes, in the case of diabetes, regular practice of moderate physical exercise helps a lot when it comes to controlling blood glucose values. For example, it increases glucose utilization by the muscle by improving insulin sensitivity.

In addition, it reduces the incidence of cardiovascular diseases so closely related to the existence of poorly controlled diabetes, by helping to maintain blood pressure and cholesterol levels at their normal levels, and reduces the daily needs of insulin.

In fact, in the event that by following an unhealthy lifestyle and a lack of physical activity has caused the appearance of type 2 diabetes, now more than ever the practice of regular physical exercise is at least essential.

Why? Mainly because physical activity –especially aerobic exercises help people with diabetes to reduce the risk of cardiovascular problems, in such a way that mortality is reduced, by reducing the risk of vascular or cerebral accidents, arteriosclerosis and myocardial infarction.

We must not forget either the importance of physical exercise in weight control, which together with following a healthy and adequate diet, helps in a very positive way to regulate blood glucose levels.

Did you know that physical exercise also helps prevent diabetes?

In the case of type 2 diabetes, it has been shown that following an unhealthy lifestyle, based on maintaining a poorly balanced diet rich in foods high in fat and sugar, and in turn coupled with a sedentary lifestyle (this is, little or no practice of physical activity) has a decisive influence on its appearance.

Therefore, it is essential to maintain an ideal weight, according to our physical complexion and height. To achieve this, in addition to following a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a varied and healthy diet, physical exercise is essential.

Among other aspects, aerobic physical activity helps reduce excess weight when we are overweight or obese, which then translates into regulation of normal blood glucose levels.

In addition, it is useful to feel better about ourselves, it is a good stress reliever and it helps prevent cardiovascular diseases (for example, it lowers high blood pressure, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, while increasing the levels of good cholesterol).

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