Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease that causes symptoms such as eczema, itching and redness. We discover its causes and the most useful treatments for its care.
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a chronic skin disorder that results in itchy (i.e., itchy) and scaly rashes. In this article we will provide you with everything you need to know from its causes, to its symptoms and possible treatments.
This condition occurs mainly among babies and can begin between 2 and 6 months of life, and in many cases it disappears upon entering adulthood. For those who suffer from atopic dermatitis, it is also common to suffer from asthma, seasonal allergies and skin allergies.
It basically consists of a skin disease that is characterized above all by dry, irritable and scaly skin that tends to evolve in the form of outbreaks, moments in which the symptoms are much more bothersome. There is no treatment that helps to cure it, although regular and sustained care helps protect the skin and reduce its most bothersome signs.
Causes of atopic dermatitis.
The causes of eczema are still being investigated, but it is known that urine is caused by a skin reaction that causes swelling and redness. In general, patients with atopic dermatitis have increased sensitivity as their skin lacks certain proteins. There is often a family history of certain allergy-related disorders such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, and also eczema.
It is also known that there are certain factors that worsen the symptoms of atopic dermatitis. Some of them are:
- Certain allergies (to pollen, dust mites, mold, or animals).
- Colds and flu.
- Contact with irritating or rough materials (egg wool) and with chemicals.
- Dry skin.
- Sudden changes in temperature.
- Perfumes and tinctures in lotions or soaps.
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis or eczema.
The symptoms are clearly visible since they appear on the skin. Some skin alterations that can occur in patients with dermatitis are:
- Blisters that form crusts.
- Redness or swelling next to the blisters.
- Dryness throughout the body.
- Lumps (mainly behind the arms or on the front of the thighs).
- Raw areas from scratching.
- Skin color changes.
- Thickening of the skin (it takes on a leathery appearance).
These symptoms may also be accompanied by discharge or bleeding in the ear.
Treatments for atopic dermatitis.
For the treatment of atopic dermatitis, it is very important to implement a series of daily care, which will reduce the symptoms and therefore the need to resort to medication.
Given the itching caused by the rash, we must try to avoid scratching. For this, the use of moisturizer or other ointments such as Vaseline, a topical steroid cream or any other cream that our doctor recommends is recommended.
Taking oral antihistamines also helps, our doctor will tell us which ones and what doses are appropriate. When sleeping, it is advisable to wear soft gloves and keep the nails well-trimmed so that the scratching is not so strong. The bath should be short and with fresh water using cleansers and mild shower gel.
Do not use products on the skin that have alcohol, fragrances, dyes or other chemicals. Avoid factors that increase symptoms, among them we can mention eggs, woolen clothes, strong soaps or detergents, chemicals, solvents, sudden changes in temperature.
Medications used to treat atopic dermatitis are oral antihistamines, topical drugs (creams or ointments that are applied to the skin) with cortisone; although depending on the particular case of each patient they can be combined with other medications at the discretion of the healthcare professional. Health. There are also treatments such as phototherapy that uses ultraviolet (UV) light.