Health and MedicineDiseasesAscites: what is it, causes, symptoms and treatment?

Ascites: what is it, causes, symptoms and treatment?

Ascites is a liver disease that consists of excessive fluid accumulation. Find out why this accumulation of fluid occurs in the abdomen and its symptoms.

Ascites basically consists of the excessive accumulation of liquids between the space that exists between the person’s abdomen and the organs that are in this same areaThe causes of this condition are caused by high blood pressure that occurs within the liver and the absence of a substance called albumin.

Ascites can be preceded by a multitude of viruses and diseases that have to do with the liver, such as hepatitis C and B, and which can ultimately lead to liver cirrhosis. Or even with the massive intake of alcohol for many years.

Causes of ascites.

As we mentioned before, there are a number of common causes that can cause the appearance of ascites, as is the case, for example, of hepatitis.

Although the most serious causes of this condition can be the most varied:

  • Multitude of cancers. Ranging from appendix cancer to the colon, liver, pancreas, uterus or ovary.
  • Heart failure. These can range from arrhythmias or chronic heart attacks at a certain age.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas:  Inflammation of the pancreas, as is the case with pancreatitis, can also later lead to a clear case of ascites.
  • Thrombosis in the veins of the liver. Blood clots in this organ also cause ascites.

What are the symptoms of ascites?

Following the thread of other articles, below we are going to talk about the symptoms that can appear with ascites, which will especially worsen if the amount of fluid in the abdomen is increasing.

First of all, a very common symptom of ascites is the appearance of a very sharp pain throughout the abdominal area. As this symptom worsens, this process can even have a negative impact on the proper functioning of the liver.

To prevent these symptoms, it is very important to see a doctor as soon as possible. It will be there where a urine sample will surely be taken for later analysis. This is usually accompanied by an ultrasound of the abdomen and other medical tests to see if both the liver and kidneys are working properly.

Finally, it is also possible that the doctor recommends making a tiny incision in the abdomen through a needle in order to remove the excessive accumulation of this fluid in a more drastic way.

What subsequent treatment is there for ascites?

If we want the ascites to “pass for the better” life, then obviously we will have to carry out a very specific treatment that will have to do with leading a much healthier lifestyle in every way.

To do this, you must take into account the following tips that we expose below:

  • Reduce salt in our diet. The sodium in salt can cause ascites. Therefore, it is recommended not to overly season foods with this common ingredient. The same should be done with foods that are too spicy.
  • Avoid the consumption of alcoholic drinks. Beverages such as beer or wine are also “great allies” in the event of ascites. Hence, it is highly recommended to reduce its consumption.
  • Intake of diuretic foods. In this way, the elimination of liquids is promoted in a natural way. There are many diuretic foods in the form of vegetables such as artichokes or celery. And others in the form of fruits such as kiwi or pear.
  • Very specific antibiotics. There are medications that directly treat ascites. Although before ingesting them, it will be necessary to contact our family doctor.
  • Hepatitis vaccines. At the beginning of the article, we told you that ascites can be preceded by different types of hepatitis. Given this, it is best to be vaccinated against these liver viruses so that we do not have to suffer their consequences.


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