Health and MedicineDiseasesAnorexia: what it is, symptoms, causes and how it is treated

Anorexia: what it is, symptoms, causes and how it is treated

Anorexia is an eating disorder that combines anorexic behavior with masochism. What are its symptoms and what causes it? Also find out how it is treated.

The Institute of Eating Disorders (ITA) has found that there are more and more diseases linked to eating problems. One of the best known in these times is anorexia, or colloquially called the pain diet.

It is basically a combination of anorexic, bulimic and orthopedicbehavior (or orthopraxis) with bodily abuse and the use of masochistic methods of weight loss. That is, the person suffering from anorexia tends to self-harm in order to overcome the anxiety caused by the desire to eat.

It consists, therefore, of an eating disorder that combines anorexia with sadism or  masochism (which is defined as the pleasure of pain itself), with the permanent combination of anorexic behavior, with renovating weight loss techniques of severe masochism.

This “method” is used to achieve extreme thinness, a thinness that is only visible to the eyes of others, because the person suffering from this type of disease will lose weight uncontrollably and will reach a point where it is impossible to look at them. Objectively and can have an end.

People with anorexia are people with low self-esteem, depressed, some kind of family, social or emotional problem may have led to this disease and that lead to anorexia to find a way out.

They only seek perfection within a world of imperfection, who wants to achieve the impossible and who are capable of even committing suicide if they do not accept themselves as they are.

What are your symptoms?

There is a wide variety of symptoms that can alert us to the possibility that a person is suffering from an eating disorder such as anorexia. The most common are the following:

  • Fast and permanent weight loss. Especially when a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 17 or less is reached.
  • Bruises, wounds, marks, inflammations or scars on the wrists, mouth, neck and ankles.
  • Possible history of: self-harm, personality disorders, anorexia, orthopraxis, or bulimia.
  • Social and family isolation.
  • Absence of menstruation (in the case of women).
  • Flat, fibrous and fine muscles.
  • Early mental and sexual development in adolescents.
  • Dizziness, intestinal disturbances and/or constipation.
  • Cold intolerance.
  • Disappearance, in many cases sudden, of all or some of the symptoms of the preceding eating disorder. For example: depression, lack of self-esteem, provocation of vomiting, anguish, anxiety or perceived overweight/obesity.

What causes cause the appearance of anorexia?

There are many causes that can directly or indirectly influence the appearance of this eating disorder. In general, people who suffer from anorexia tend to be depressed people, with low self-esteem, who may have some kind of family, emotional or social problem (psychosocial causes).

In addition, it is necessary to take into account that a combination of genetic, physiological, neuroendocrine and psychosocial influences can also occur.

How is it treated?

If an individual or individual suffers from anorexia, in the first place, adequate control over what these people eat is necessary, as well as the maintenance of excessive care by those around them (family and direct friends), to prevent them from continuing to self-harm.

In addition, a psychological treatment is very important to help the patient to have a healthier and healthier relationship both with food and with her own body, so that nutritional management is basic and essential, although the psychologist will be the appropriate specialist for the situation. Time to recommend when is the ideal time to start receiving a more balanced, balanced and complete diet.


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